Inside Our Collection – The Letter Book

One of the most intriguing and fragile objects now on display in our current exhibition Milk – The River of Life is a letter copying book dating from 1881.

The book is a hard bound volume with a tan leather spine that is inscribed “letter book” The book has a blue green fabric cover.   Inside the book is an index and numbered pages of Japanese tissue paper, is a thin, strong paper made from vegetable fibres. The original letter, whilst its ink is wet is either inserted between drying sheets and pressed by hand or by copy press so that the ink transfers into the letter book. An entry is then made of its contents in the index.

Some of the letters in our letter book look as if too much moisture was used when making the copy, others are very clear.

The book originally belonged to Mr J. A. Davies who was the Land and General Commission Agent in Bega. His letters regarding land selections cover pages 1 to 168. From page 169 on the letters are those of the Moruya Co-op Dairy Co. Ltd., starting in 1894, two years after the company was established. There is an index to the letters in the front of the book of persons to whom the letters were sent.

Note: Due to the very flimsy nature of the paper in the book it is not available for general use but an index has been prepared so we can let researchers know if a letter to a particular person is in the book. The letter can then be copied using a camera.

The Moruya Co-operative Dairy Society

The society was established in March 1892 and in November the first factory opened in Hawdon Street. Twelve shareholders initially provided milk but this quickly increased to 26, supplying 800 gallons daily.

The factory’s first batch of cheese was forwarded to Sydney in November 1892. A new factory was built in 1930 and in 1964 the factory began supplying milk packaged in triangular (tetrahedral) containers. The venture failed.

The local factory eventually closed and the company was liquidated in April 1982. The building is now a private home.




 What an incredible exhibition!

Visitor numbers and profit are the usual indicators of an event’s success. Mardi Gras Mayhem was certainly successful on both counts. However, perhaps a better measure of the exhibition’s success was the obvious pleasure felt by visitors when looking at photos that brought back so many wonderful memories of past parades.

Thanks to Michel Nader we now know that the quickest way to befriend a camel is through packets of Arnott’s Milk Arrowroot biscuits. This was just one of the tales told by Michel when he, along with John Nader, Dawn Daken and Lauris McCauley (Lady Godiva 1959), officially opened the exhibition – part of the 2018 River of Art festival.

Many thanks must go to a wonderful band of volunteers who worked together to help create this truly beautiful exhibition:  Leonie and Faye Beers, Maureen Keating, Jenny Gerrey, Janene Love, Annie Fitzgerald, Tonique Bolt and Jesse Rowan.

The exhibition closes on WEDNESDAY 20 JUNE.

Don’t miss out!

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Don’t miss out on a wonderful souvenir of these special parades
L-R, Peter Cooper (standing) with Mick and Lauris McCauley. Lauris was Lady Godiva in Moruya’s 1st Mardi Gras parade – 1959.
Jo Pollock in front of a photo of her mother in an early Mardi Gras parade. Behind Jo are portraits of distant relations – Ernest Edmondstone Hawdon and his wife Emma.
L-R Phyliss Ivanoff and Shirley Dragasic
L -R  Annie Fitzgerald and Dawn Daken
L- R Frank Ross & Bernie O’Neil 
L -R Keith and Sue Coleman
L – R Jenny Gerrey, Chris Murray and Maureen Keating
Gary Norman with daughter Melinda are watching the Mardi Gras slideshow – images of Mardi Gras parades  – from the first in 1959 to the last in 1978.
60s Glass – bright colours were a feature of the era
Another decanter set straight from the 60s
60s pottery
The colours of a ‘subdued’ 60s dress and handbag!
The lustreware made an appearance…..
…. while bright colours, plastic fruit, cabanossi, cheese cubes and cocktail onions featured in the 60s era kitchen
Was Catriona Kennedy admiring the Tupperware?
Kevin Murphy’s 1962 EK Holden arrived.


Featured Image: A float at the 1967 Mardi Gras
Note: This is not a photo of the “wedding”.

Moruya “Wedding” – Mardi Gras, January 1967

A “wedding” involving many Moruya personalities took place at the Moruya Mardi Gras in January 1967. The following is a report from “The Moruya Advertiser” of 11thJanuary 1967:

The marriage of Miss Dora Cabbage (Rev. R. Grant) daughter of Mr Cabbage (Mr Ted Street) and Mrs Cabbage (Bruce Rawlings) to Mr Peter Pumpkin (Shirley Lamont) took place at the Moruya Mardi Gras last Saturday afternoon. The minister (Dawn Greig) carried out her duties efficiently. The bride arrived at the dais in an old fashioned buggy, on the arm of her father. She wore a gown of white lace embroidered with a 100 year old necklace across the neckline, and her train was of satin frills and she carried a bouquet of white roses. Her lovely tulle veil was held in place with a circlet of tiny roses. She was attended by bridesmaids Kevin Forest who wore a lemon ensemble trimmed with black lace, and Ron Chesher, who wore a grey and orange ensemble. They each carried a bouquet of yellow roses and their white hats were decorated with white tulle and yellow roses. The groom was attended by Jenny Evans (best man) and Sue Sykes (groomsman).

Mrs Cabbage wore a blue and white silk gown and Mrs Pumpkin (Ian Croker) wore a green and white silk gown. She was accompanied by her husband (Jenny Connors).

The flower girl (Peter Burke) wore an ankle length lemon net dress, and half circle head-dress with trailing lemon tulle and she carried a bouquet of white roses. The page boy (Gabriel Nader) carried a white cushion with the wedding ring resting on it. Male members of the bridal party wore dress suits and top hats. The bride dressed in blue lace and white stole for her going away outfit, and the happy couple left on a two year’s honeymoon in Hondlulli.

Do you have any pictures of this happy event?

If so, please forward them to so that they can be included in our exhibition Mardi Gras Mayhem – opening at the museum this Saturday 19 May at 2pm.

Crowds at the 1967 Mardi Gras
A best-decorated car entry in the 1967 Mardi Gras?
The can of beer is the perfect finishing touch to this 1967 Mardi Gras photo!


The Eurobodalla Shire Council issued the following press release yesterday, 23 April:

Heroes of the Eurobodalla remembered

A new web-based database showcasing the 500 men and women who enlisted/served in World War One from Eurobodalla is now live.

Heroes of the Eurobodalla, created by the Moruya & District Historical Society with support from Eurobodalla Council, comprises an alphabetical list of veterans from which users can select a name and display their service records.

The records contain interesting historical notes showing where they enlisted, locations and dates of their service on the Western Front and the Middle East as well as medals earned and correspondence to families.

Rob Lees from the Society said the application was aimed at school children, who could easily access it at home or school.

“This year being the centenary of the end of World War One in 1918, it is important that we not only remember those who served and made the ultimate sacrifice but also note that many of them came from our local shire,” he said.

“It really is a case of reminding kids and reinforcing the memory of Australia’s history. A lot of them would have no knowledge that young Australians fought in World War One.”

Mr Lees said veterans’ names were sourced from Honour Rolls located throughout the shire, with men serving at Gallipoli and in the trenches on the Somme.

“One local boy served with the 12th Light Horse regiment and died in the cavalry charge at Beersheba,” he said.

“Two local women served as nurses on the western front, with one being awarded the Military Medal for bravery. Each veteran has an interesting story and these are all available to view on the website.”

The Moruya Historical Society was awarded a grant under the ANZAC Centenary program to establish the database, and Eurobodalla Council’s web coordinator helped bring it to fruition.

Eurobodalla Mayor Liz Innes said it was a valuable resource for children and adults alike and congratulated the Moruya Historical Society on the initiative.

“More than 500 men and two women enlisted from the Eurobodalla region to serve in World War One – what a fantastic resource to have all that information in one place,” she said.

“It is vital for our future generations that we keep the memory alive of the sacrifices made by these brave men and women.”

Mr Lees said that as veterans’ names were sourced from Honour Rolls in some cases the surname and initial was not sufficient information to locate the correct records.

“The public is encouraged to contact the Moruya Historical Society through the Heroes of the Eurobodalla website with information on veterans listed on Honour Rolls but missing from the website,” he said.

“The Society will investigate each veteran’s records and update the online application database.”

The Society is currently seeking donations to upgrade the application to link to the museum’s online database (eHive) which showcases images of WW1 memorabilia and the stories behind them.

Visit the database at and click on ‘Heroes of the Eurobodalla’. To view the online database of memorabilia, click on the ‘Word War 1 Collection’.

Curator’s Note: Donartions are also sought for the restoration of some of the museum’s significant World War 1 artefacts. These include

1. ANZAC Commemorative Textile – This object is of national significance. Donated by Dolly Curson, the textile is one of only 5 surviving in Australia & New Zealand,

2. Darned sock Darning was an early form of occupational therapy for wounded soldiers. The strangely beautiful sock was donated to the museum as part of the estate of Ilma Water

3. Fred Hutchings collection – The museum houses the Fred Hutchings collection of letters, photographs, certificates, war diaries and memorabilia; all providing highly significant insights into a local soldier’s experience in Egypt, the Sinai and Palestine during World War 1.


ANZAC Commemorative Textile

Please help us preserve these significant pieces of Moruya’s heritage by donating.

Featured Image: The facade of the Narooma Kinema, housed in the historic Soldiers Memorial School of Arts Hall.


Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 6 April 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

KIND FRIENDS – We have to acknowledge with sincere thanks some beautiful samples of his choice apples from Mr S. Kimpton, of Deua River, and a case of the very best pears and apples from Mr Jos. Taylor, of Kiora. We are truly grateful for our friends’ kind thought. May their shadows never grow less!

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT – Mrs Lawrence, treasurer of the local Knitting Class, in receipt of the following:-

“ I am writing you a few lines thanking you and the people of the Knitting Class for parcel received. It was very acceptable. I am getting along fine over here. It is twelve months since I left Moruya. Well, you will have to excuse this short note. Wishing all the best and kindest regards, from a Moruya soldier, Tpr. J. Coman.”

AFTERNOON TEA – Mrs C. Cheesman entertained the members of the Knitting Class to an afternoon tea in the Shire Hall on Thursday, when a pleasant time was spent, the younger members particularly having an enjoyable time.

DR QUILTER – The youngest son of Mr J. A. Greig, of Bingie, was taken suddenly ill during the week. Dr Quilter at once ordered the patient to Sydney for treatment, and kindly gave the use of his car and chauffeur to take the child as far as Nowra, to catch the early train yesterday.

ILLNESS – On Thursday Mrs E. Lawrence was admitted to the local hospital suffering from a severe attack of her old complaint – bronchitis. Mrs Alf Foreman was also admitted the same day in a state of excruciating pain through erysipelas. At the time of going to press both patients were much improved.

SHIPPING – The local steamer which left the wharf here last Saturday morning became fast on a sandbank near Mr A. Louttit’s. She however floated off on the evening tide, but only proceeded as far as the coal wharf, nearly opposite Mr Rose’s where she again stuck. Here she remained until the following night, when she crossed the bar for Sydney at about 11 p.m. Low tides and being heavily laden with timber was the cause of trouble. The steamer returned yesterday morning and was to have left again at 2 o’clock this morning.

MOTOR CAR – Mr. Thomson of Bateman’s Bay brought a new model motor car to town on Tuesday morning. It was the centre of interest to a large number of men whilst it remained in the main street. The engine and gears were taken from a Harley Davidson motor bicycle. The hand wheels are from some motor car and the remainder is Mr Thomson’s own make. A notable feature is the electric lighting arrangements in which the light remains at the same strength whether the engine is running fast or slow. The starting handle is also an improved model, being at the side of the car instead of in front.

PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE – Remember the sacrifices offered by our brave Australians in the great offensive, and buy a Red Cross House Badge.

Canvassers will shortly make a Red Cross “drive” in this district. Every house will be bombarded till it displays a Red Cross Badge.

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A donation box used to collect money for the Red Cross during World War 1. Moruya Museum collection – 000/074

 NAROOMA – (From our Correspondent.)

On Tuesday last, March 26th, Narooma was in Festal array, the occasion being the home-coming of Lance-Corporal James Anderson, D.C.M., who has been on active service for the past two years in France, having been wounded twice. On the first occasion he greatly distinguished himself although wounded, and on the second occasion he received a knock-out which necessitated his being invalided home, and is now an inmate of the Randwick Military Hospital, where, I understand, he has to undergo an operation, having lost one of his eyes, hence he was granted a few days leave to come home and visit his friends and relatives. Word was only received late on Monday evening by his father that he was coming home via the s.s. Merimbula, so the citizens were early astir on Tuesday morning making preparations for his reception.

Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917  are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms.  Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.






Featured image: Captured Turkish troops, Palestine. From the Fred Hutchings Collection. Moruya Museum


Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 30 March 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

THE GREAT STRUGGLE has commenced, all thoughts are concentrated on the Western front.

AEROPLANES OVER VICTORIA. – While on duty near Nyang on Thursday, Constable Wright, while awaiting assistance to get a car out of the stiff sand, observed two aeroplanes flying very high pass almost dues westwards over the route of the railway line from Ouyen to Adelaide. No notification had been received of any projected flight. The day was very clear, and the constable said that he distinctly saw the glint of a machine in the sunshine.

FATALITY AT CENTRAL TILBA – On Wednesday news was received of a terrible accident at Glenrock, Central Tilba, when an eleven year old daughter of Mr. John Barker was killed instantly. The Coroner, Mr. M. O’Reilly, held an inquiry, when a number of witnesses gave evidence. Roy Barker, a brother of the deceased, stated that it was his habit to drive a van loaded with milk to the cheese factory every morning. On Wednesday morning his sister Caroline May, got into the van to go to school. He was coming from the house to get into the van, when he saw the horse move off at a walk. The brake was on and his sister did not have hold of the reins. The down hill from the yards soon urged the horse to a gallop, and after going about 150 yards the van turned over. The deceased never moved or spoke after she was picked up. Dr. Lister stated that he examined the deceased and found that her skull was fractured and that death was instantaneous. There were several milk cans lying around where the deceased was picked up. The coroner returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence – that Caroline May Barker, aged 11, died from laceration of the brain, accidentally received through being thrown out of a van.

Asbestos Irons

DEATH – It is our sad duty this week to chronicle the death of Mr. Thomas Donnelly, whose serious illness was reported in these columns a short time ago. His demise took place early on Sunday morning in the local hospital, to which place he had been removed from home a few weeks ago, at the age of 62 years. The late Mr. Donnelly, who was a native of Dubbo, N.S.W., had been ailing for 10 years, but it was only about five weeks ago that it was considered serious, the kidneys being the cause of the trouble. Dr. Quilter was in constant attendance, and wishing for a consultation, Dr. Marshall was sent for, but the Bega medico only verified Dr. Quilter’s diagnosis of the case, and pronounced it a critical one. The deceased was of such an unassuming disposition that it was only those who knew him intimately had any idea of his benevolent spirit. The deceased leaves a widow, six sons – Messrs. Patrick and Claude (Moruya), Gilbert (Bodalla), Rupert (Sydney), George and Joseph (Moruya), – five daughters – Medames J. Spinks (Burra), R. Spinks (Bodalla), Dave Coppin (Gundary), E. Taylor (Bulli) and Miss Jessie Donnelly (Gundary).

ROLL OF HONOR – Mrs. C. Cheeseman has received the sad intelligence that her favourite nephew paid the supreme sacrifice on the blood-stained field of France.

A GREAT many Moruyaites contemplate visiting Bateman’s Bay on Easter Monday to attend the day’s sports and ball at night.

PRIVATE Phil Knight quite astonished as well as delighted his many friends on Monday night by his fluent and terse speech. Phil promises to become as good an orator as he has been a patriot.

A RESPONSE. – In order to appease our craving for some choice fruit, as Mr. J. Grumley, of Wagonga, says he presented us with a few samples of beautiful apples of the Royal Eight variety, from his own orchard. Thanks friend Grumley.

Mr. J. Hansen has leased Mrs. W. H. Simpson’s town residence, “Carlyon,” Moruya.

Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.


Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 12 January 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

FROM THE FRONT – Mrs. W. Costin, of Narooma, is receipt of the following from her son, Pte. Arthur Costin, who has been awarded the military medal for conspicuous bravery: –

31st October, 1917.
“Your very welcome letter to hand from some considerable time back and I am looking forward to getting another shortly. It is about two weeks since I wrote you last. We only came out of the line a few days ago after having a pretty rough trot of it, being up and down from supports to the front line for a fortnight, and not having a chance of writing, but as far as I can hear we will be going out for a few weeks spell in a day or two billets in France. I suppose you will have heard before you get this letter of my distinction, being awarded a military medal. No doubt you will have heard of the Zonnebecke race course where the “Ausies” have been fighting well, that’s the place I was recommended for dispatch carrying under heavy shell fire (or running as we call it), and rough conditions, rain and mud, the latter very often being up to one’s waist.

I have the colors to wear, which I am enclosing a piece of, but have not yet the medal as that will be presented by some big head- such as General Birdwood or the King. By jove Frank was lucky, I had a letter from him a few days ago. He was saying that one of the chaps in the camp was skylarking with a loaded rifle and shot him in the foot, meaning a couple of months in hospital. I don’t mind telling you that Blighty would do me just at present for a bit of a spell. From your loving son and brother, ARTHUR”

The village of Zonnebecke that is mentioned in the letter was right on the Western front and next to where the fierce battle of Polygon Wood too place.

FOR SALE – A first –class double barrel hammerless gun. A bargain. A. W Constable, “Examiner” Office.

VITAL STATISTICS – Following are the returns of births, deaths and marriages in the district of Moruya, registered during the quarter ended 31st of December, 1917: – Marriages – 1; births – males 13, females 14, total 27; deaths – males 2, females 3, total 5.

HEAVY HAULING – There is no doubt whatever in the fact that Moruya in the past has ably held its end of the stick up in the matter of heavy log-hauling, more especially by Messrs A. Crapp and H. Waters who used to astonish the natives by the great circumference of the forest monsters they frequently brought into town. Both these expert teamsters have now retired into other avocations of a less laborious nature and their mantle has fallen fully on the shoulders of William Crapp, brother of our big-hearted friend “Alf” who has taken over the log-supply contract for Saxon & Binns through Allan Taylor. Mr. W. Crapp has now a first-class team of seven big well-conditioned horses, and being a driver of considerable experience is now bringing in immense logs left by his predecessors and others as too cumbersome and weighty for haulage.

BURNING FATALITY – The year 1918 opened sadly for the Boyle family of Nerrigundah, as on its first day Miss Boyle met with such a terrible burning accident that she succumbed a few days after. It appears that the unfortunate lady was cooking the dinner when her clothes caught fire. Her screams immediately attracted the attention of her two brothers, one of which was severely burnt about the hands and arms when extinguishing the flames. Medical advice was sought and Dr. Quilter ordered the victim into the local hospital. Despite all the care and attention however she passed peacefully away early on Sunday morning at the age of 44 years. Deceased leaves a mother, four brothers, James, John, William and Robert and two sisters, Mrs. Atfield (Queensland) and Mrs. W. Jessop (Nerrigundah).

RAINFALL – Heavy rain fell on Thursday night and Friday morning, 144 points having been registered up to 9 a.m. yesterday.
Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

In many museums it is easy to find objects that look really quite ordinary. You might wonder  why they have been kept at all.  Strangely, it is often these very ordinary looking objects that have the most extraordinary stories to tell.

This is certainly the case with a Willow cake tin and a handmade calico postal bag that were donated to the Moruya Museum earlier this year and are now prominently displayed in the museum’s Remembrance Room.

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Willow Cake tin, MDHS Collection – 017/032
Postal bag, MDHS Collection – 017/033

During World War 11, this Willow cake tin, filled with Christmas Cake made with the family recipe, was sent north by Miss Constance Mary Tremlett (1884-1975), a schoolteacher living in  Ashfield, Sydney to her nephew Leading Aircraftman (LAC) Geoffrey George Tremlett (1909-2007) who served briefly in Townsville and then in New Guinea.

Constance Mary Tremlett (1884-1975) – Photo courtesy of Marisha Kelly
Geoffrey George Tremlett – Photo courtesy of Marisha Kelly

The practice of sending “Willow Tin Christmas Cakes” to the troops was a common one during the war. Many families had their favourite recipes. . The recipe that Constance Tremlett used was a version of the recipe below. This recipe has been handed down through the generations and like all recipes, modified over time. To read the handwritten Tremlett family recipe click below

Tremlett Christmas Cake Recipe

Constance Tremlett was a fortunate cook and LAC Tremlett was an even luckier soldier. The introduction of wartime rationing in 1942 meant that many cooks had to alter their recipes by finding substitutes for vital ingredients, particularly butter. Constance was able to keep cooking her rich cake as butter was sent to Sydney by family members who were living at Walcha Road (New England Tablelands) during World War 11 and who kept their own cows.

Butter and other produce was packed into biscuit tins and sent overnight by train to Central Railway, where it was picked up by family members. Constance or ‘Great Aunt Con’ would then,  using the best possible ingredients available and with whatever coupons the family could give her, bake the fruit cake in the Willow cake tin the cake.

After cooking the lid was placed on the tin and everything was wrapped in a handsewn calico bag and posted to Townsville and later in the war, to Port Moresby.  Numerous post marks can be seen on the front of the bag demonstrating that the bag was sent backwards and forwards a number of times.

Those postmarks are a real testament to how much LAC Geoffrey Tremlett ( and his mates) must have enjoyed his Aunt Con’s Christmas cake!

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Postal bag, MDHS Collection – 017/033


Marisha Kelly – Donation of tin and bag, Tremlett family photos, Christmas Cake recipe anf family information

Maureen Keating – Object photography



Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 15 December 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

CONSCRIPTION REFERENDUM – On Thursday next the people of the Commonwealth are asked to record their votes for or against Conscription for over-seas as propounded by Mr. Hughes, Prime Minister. Everyone who has been given the right to vote should go to the poll and exercise it, fully satisfying his or her conscience in the direction in which it is recorded. We have studied the question from every conceivable standpoint, but cannot bring ourselves to force non-combatants to take up arms and fight against their will.

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FIRE – On Tuesday night last Mr. Rowley Hassal’s fine at “Glendarnel,” Braidwood, were totally destroyed by fire, together with a quantity of valuable harness and saddlery.

BODALLA RED CROSS – The members of the Bodalla Red Cross Society are holding a grand ball on December 26th to raise funds for a big day’s sports to take place on Anniversary Day in aid of the Australian Red Cross.

Red Cross donation box
Red Cross box from MDHS Collection

CHILDREN’S FETE – This year the Moruya Convent School will wind up for the Xmas holidays by a Children’s Fete, in lieu of the Annual Concert. The function opened yesterday, and will be continued this Saturday up to 10 p.m.

PROMOTION – A private cable announces that the Hon. Austin Chapman’s youngest son Jack has been promoted to the rank of Major. He has had two years in the thick of the fighting, was badly gassed in one battle, but after four months in hospital returned to the trenches. He is one of the youngest majors in the army, being only in his twentieth year.

PROMOTIONNorman Corkhill who left Australia as a private has worked himself upon the field step by step until now he enjoys the title of Captain. Our young warrior is the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Corkhill of Tilba Tilba.

An early postcard from Central Tilba

DEATH – Very sincere sympathy was expressed in Moruya for Mr. John Keir, of Tilba, when news came through that his wife had died in Sydney. Mr. Kier at once started, via Bega, to catch the train at Cooma for Sydney. The deceased lady was a daughter of Mr. Martin, who managed a Mount Dromedary mine many years ago, and later on was the manager of the Wamban Little Gem gold mine, residing during the time in one of Mr. W. Constable’s cottages at Gundary, Moruya.

A LIFE SAVED – Through the expertness and pluck of Master Edwin Hartman of Gundary, Moruya, young Garnett, son of George Chew Ying, storekeeper of Queen Street, was rescued from a watery grave on Sunday last. It appears that the lad was playing with others close to the deep pond near the river, which is situated a short distance below the lower town wharf, at present used as a swimming bath by the public, and either accidentally fell or was pushed into the pond on the river side where the water is dangerously deep. Garnett, who was fully clothed, had gone to the bottom for the third time when Master Edwin Hartman, attracted by the agonising screeches of children who had witnessed the accident, appeared on the scene and, without waiting to divest himself of his clothing, dived down, boots and all and soon appeared on the surface with the almost drowned Garnet, whom he brought to terra firma.

Chewying’s shop in Queen Street, Moruya MDHS Collection

BATEMAN’S BAY – (From our Correspondent).

– An Accident which has cast quite a gloom over the village, occurred on Sunday evening about 8 o’clock. Mr. Shinfield, of the Benandra Public School, was out on his motor bike accompanied by Miss Edna McKee, when opposite the Police Station, in order to avoid collision with some stray horses he swerved to the right but was unsuccessful in preventing a capsize. Both were rendered unconscious, Miss McKee was in a serious condition until Tuesday. Dr. Quilter remained during the night and for a time held out little hope. Thanks to all round assiduous care she is now conscious and it is hoped the worst has passed.

– On Sunday about noon Cr. Jos. Sebbens, when returning from church met with an accident. Happily no bones were broken but Mr. Sebbens had a severe shaking. His horse took fright at a motor bike, bolted, and smashed up the sulky.



Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

Featured image: A card from the Anderson family collection of 1920’s Christmas cards


Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 8 December 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

MORUYA ANNUAL RACES – The Officials have issued the programme for their annual two days’ race meeting which takes place on the Moruya course on Monday and Tuesday, 4th and 5th of February, 1918. The Moruya Cup carries 55 sovereigns, and the Town Plate, which is listed for the second day, is worth 35 sovereigns. A Jumpers’ Flat Race of 20 sovereigns on the first day and a Hurdle Race of 30 sovereigns on the second day are also attractive items. Altogether the programme is a credit to the Club and District. A list of the prizes, regulations and all particulars can be obtained on application to the secretary, Mr. Frank Flanagan.


ACCIDENT – Whilst riding after stock, Mr. “Bob” Higgins, of Araluen, sustained a fractured rib through his horse falling. The patient was taken to the Braidwood hospital where he is now reported to be doing well.

JERVIS BAY LAND SALE – We have been sent an artistic plan of Jervis Bay City Estate which is to be sold by Hardy and Gorman at their rooms, 133 Pitt Street, Sydney, on Monday next at 11:30 am. The plan can be inspected at this office.

SUNDAY TRADING  – Last month the bench, composed of local magistrates, granted the following persons a licence to trade on Sundays – E. Corbett, G. Chewying, and H. Fordham. Gancsha Tabo was granted a Hawker’s licence at the same court.

George Chewying’s shop in Queen Street, Moruya

POSSE OF POLICE – Owing, no doubt, to a report by Mr. Oakes to the authorities re the disturbance which followed his and Captain Millard’s Conscription meeting, held in the Mechanics’ Hall last week, quite a posse of distinguished Police Officers honored (?) our proverbially orderly and well conducted little township with their presence on Wednesday night, presumably to see that law and order were observed and the Conscriptionist – who was announced to address a public meeting that night – and his supports were preserved from molestation. The official visitors were : Inspector Saunders (Braidwood), Sergeant Face (Araluen), First-class Constable Barry (Narooma), and Constable Wilson (Braidwood).

CONSCRIPTION MEETING – Mr. W. T. Dick, M.L.C. formerly for some years State Member of Newcastle, addressed a public meeting in the Mechanic’s Hall on Wednesday night, in favour of Mr. Hughes’ Conscription Referendum. Mr. R. L. Dawson occupied the chair and introduced Mr. Dick to the audience, which was a very small one at the time, only about nine persons being present, but this number gradually increased before the close of the address by about twenty more.

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A “YES” conscription poster designed to appeal to rural voters


– Alderman Burke, M.L.A., addressed an anti-conscription meeting here on Saturday and was accorded a patient and attentive hearing. He said he was entirely opposed to the application of conscription of Australians for foreign service and adjured all those present to vote “No” on December 20th, not so much as to nark “Little Billy” as to save Australia from military despotism.

– Private J. E. Turner, of Deua River, after spending a few weeks in Bethnal Green Military Hospital, London, to which he was admitted suffering from trench fever, has returned to the firing line. Pte. Turner is and avowed anti-conscriptionist.

– Alderman Burke, M.L.A., in a chat with this writer at Deua River on Saturday, said that Billy Hughes was the greatest Sian Feiner in Australia the meaning of the word being “all for self.” – Fermanagh Mallon, Merricumbene, via Moruya.

BODALLA – (From our Correspondent).

– On Friday evening November 30t a very successful social was held in the local Hall in aid of funds for the Bodalla Brass Band. First class music was provided by the band, the Bulgarie Trio, Miss Walsh and Mr. J. Lipscombe. The prize for the fancy dress was won by Miss Linda Marsden, who looked “just the thing” as Australia. The proceeds amounted to about £10.

– The Tennis Club have started playing again and local enthusiasts may be seen on the court in the early hours of the morning as well as afternoons.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.