A LETTER TO THE EDITOR FROM  “LEFT-TENANT” FRED HUTCHINGS

NOTE: On 10 November 1917 a letter from Sapper Herbert  Frederick  (Fred) Hutchings was published in the Moruya Examiner. Fred was a local boy from Bergalia where his father was a farmer and the manager of the Cheese Factory. He enlisted in October 1915 at the age of 27. Fred’s service record shows that he was 6 feet 1 inches tall, had blue eyes and brown hair.

By the time this letter was written, on 26 August 1917, Fred had transferred from the Light Horse to the 1st Field Squadron Engineers (June 1917).

The post features photographs that Fred Hutchings took while in Egypt and Palestine, as well as scans of postcards that he bought as souvenirs. These photos and cards are found in the Fred Hutchings Collection at the Moruya Museum.

FRED

In the first paragraph of the letter Fred Hutchings gives us a glimpse of his sense of humour. He makes it clear that he is not a Lieutenant but rather he is a “left-tenant” with

Sir,- A friend sent me a clipping of the “Examiner” some time ago, on which Private Kevans finds grievous fault with a letter written by me some time last year. It was highly interesting and amusing to me as he was laboring under a grave error. Whose fault it is I can hardly say. He imagines that I am a Lieutenant. Well I am not! But I am a “left-tenant” and I pay the rent too so the landlady is satisfied.

One of the themes in Fred’s letter  is that being a Mounted Engineer was not as easy as it sounded. He acknowledges that his life as a lighthorseman and now mounted engineer in Egypt and Palestine is not as not as difficult as that of the infantry in the trenches of France. At the same time, he stresses that horses are demanding and sometimes difficult animals.

And as far as the Australian infantry in France goes I don’t know what sort of a spin they get. If it’s anything like the Imperials get here I don’t envy them. I’m a lighthorseman – or at least I was – until a few months ago, then I transferred to the Mounted Engineers. I can well imagine dismounted men envying the mounted. Still I know many mounted men who would sooner be among the infantry, but are unable to transfer from their units. Horses require a lot of attention, so does the saddlery. Just imagine yourself camped on the sea beach and endeavouring to keep your stirrup irons and buckles bright, and your leather work in good order. At other times you find yourself camped five or six miles from water. That means two trips a day, 20 miles just for water alone. Mounted units mean plenty of work, and sometimes the horses are very cranky, and they kick mighty hard too. I should know because I’m in hospital now through a severe contact on the shin with the extremity of a horse’s leg.

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Nurses at the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia on the outskirts of Cairo. Fred was sent to this hospital after the “severe contact on the shin with the extremity of a horse’s leg”. This photo can be found on the first page of Fred’s 1917 diary . The diary is also in the MDHS Collection
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Horses of the 2nd Lighthorse Brigade at Urgani
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Even though Fred wrote about the attention that the horses needed, the ‘country boy from Bergalia’ must have been upset at the sight of these dead horses killed following a bombing raid on the 3rd Light Horse Brigade.   MDHS Collection

Fred briefly touched on some of the sights that he saw during his service. His time in Palestine obviously triggered memories from bible stories and his old history books.

After the stunt at Marjar last year the regiment had a few weeks at the canal, then we went out on the Sinai desert and gradually worked up the coast to Gaza in Palestine. This took us nine months and during that time I never missed a day. Palestine is a very interesting place, the old crusaders had a great fancy for it. Quite a lot of their work may be seen yet, and the old biblical celebrities did some mighty wonders too, but that’s another story.

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The Mount of Temptation overlooking the Jordan Valley
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A mosque
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Crusaders’ Church, Khan Yunis

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Fred also writes about the troop’s “summer fashions” in the heat of the desert.

This summer fashion with us when in camp was “shorts” and a hat, of course we nearly all wore shirts and boots as well, because the sand and dirt would burn too much without some covering, but we did without as much as possible.

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Trooper James Munro (Jim) Saunders –
2nd & 6th Regiments, Light Horse Brigade
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Signallers, 6th Regiment Light Horse Brigade

I’m not aware that I made such a rash statement as to say that woolen sox could not be worn in Egypt. We always wear them, unless we are in camp, then we probably have neither boots nor sox on

Like any soldier Fred Hutchings thought about food – or the lack of it!

Speaking of “scram”, I may say that for the last nine months’ campaign we’ve not had “bully” and biscuits at any one time for more than a week. Sometimes the issue rations are not too good, still we are never in a place long enough before we can supplement our larder from the A.I.F., E.E.F., or Y.M.C.A. canteens. It requires cash, but what of that. We get 10 piastres per day – if we’re good and obedient.

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Clever marketing or the Aussie seal of approval? The restaurant’s name is the “NEW BELGIUM ARMENIAN RESTAURANT – THIS JOINT IS FAIR DINKUM” – Fred Hutchings Collection, MDHS

I am, yours truly.
SAPPER H. F. HUTCHINGS
26/8/1917

As part of Remembrance Day 2017, local military enthusiast Gary Traynor led a large  and very successful tour of the concrete bunkers built during World War 2 by the RAAF as part of the coastal defence system against Japanese and German invasion.

The day began with the Remembrance Day service, moved around to the Remembrance Room of the Moruya Museum where Gary spoke and finished with the tour of the bunkers. Approximately 100 people attended this tour.

Gary must be thanked for organising this event. His knowledge of this important and often overlooked part of our town’s history, and his dedication to sharing that knowledge with the entire community, ensured that the event was a success.

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The day commenced with the Remembrance Day ceremony
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Gary Traynor giving his talk in the Remembrance Room. The interest was so
great that people were standing on the stairs to listen
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On the stairs…..
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Visitors looking at some of the World War 1 memorabilia in the Remembrance Room.
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Gary Traynorgiving talk at the Ammunition Bunker with a Japanese Mountain Gun on display. There was a simulated firing with a blank cartridge with lots of smoke and a very loud bang!
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Gary giving talk at the WW2 bunker now used by the Moruya Pistol Club
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Japanese mountain artillery gun
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Approximately 100 people attended the tour of the bunkers
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Inside the bunker now used by the Pistol Club
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This bunker in the middle of the Moruya Race Track is designated Bomb
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A poem about the Air Raid Hotel was read during the afternoon

Thanks Gary Traynor. The tour of the Moruya Concrete RAAF Bunkers that you organised for today was excellent. I am proud to be living in this area that was a significant component of the defense of Australia from the Japanese and German maritime forces, 1941 to the end of 1944.

 

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Hopefully Saturday’s tour will be the first of other similar events.

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of the week ending Friday 3 November 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

fullsizeoutput_2cfFIRE – Early on Sunday morning the Flat Rock Sawmill near Brooman owned by Mr. Allen, was totally destroyed by fire. The plant was insured.

ILLNESS – We are sorry to report that Mrs. Currie, of Araluen, and daughter of Mr. M. Keating, of Mullenderree, is again in a precarious state of health.

SALE at BODALLA – R. H. Harvison’s big clearance sale of Mrs. S. Baldwin’s household furniture, horses, fowls, farming implements, etc., will take place at their Bodalla residence today, commencing at 2 p.m. sharp.

DEATH – On Thursday of last week the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. Heffernan, of Moggendoura, died at the age of eight days. Much sympathy is expressed for the bereaved parents in the loss of their first-born.

HONOR ROLL – Mr. G. Riley, of Narooma, received official word last week that his son, Pte. Earnest. H. Riley, who had been reported missing since April 11th, was killed in action on that date. This young hero enlisted at the outbreak of the war, but was rejected owing to defective eyesight. In May 1916, he again gave his name in and passed. His age was 25 years.

RETURNED HEROES – A correspondent from Wagonga writes: – Amongst the returned soldiers last week I noticed some boys from this district. One well known identity from Eurobodalla was Cpl. Esmonde W. Coman, eldest son of Mr. D. Coman; also Spr. A. J. Brothers, of Wagonga, who was wounded and gassed at Messines, Belgium, last June. Spr. Brothers belongs to the Australian Field Engineers who rendered great service at Messines and Hill 60 on June 7th 1917.

ELECTRIC LIGHTING – The Braidwood freezing works submitted a proposition to the Municipal Council to electrically light the town, but the civic body decided not to entertain it for the present.

TENNIS MATCH – The third match between the Moruya and Convent Tennis clubs was played at the former’s court on Wednesday and resulted in a win for the Moruya one by six sets.

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Moruya Tennis Club. Daisy walter is standing oat the top right while  Ilma Walter is sitting bottom left.

PERSONAL and OTHERWISE. –

– The gun licence fee in State forests has been reduced from 2s 6d to 1s per week.
– Everythig to delight the eye, ear and mouth at the Cafe Chantant on Wednesday.
– Pte. Ernie Wise of Narooma, was severely wounded during the recent heavy fighting in Flanders.
– Messrs. L. and W. Stafford enlisted at Cobargo last week. Their father has been at the front for some time.
Pte. Walter Francis Coman, aged 23 years, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Coman, of Albion Park (formerly of Nerrigundah) and nephew of Mrs. R. Heffernan, of Yarragee, was killed in action in France on 11 April.
– Private John W. Flack, of Major’s Creek, has answered his last roll call.
– The Rev. Father Stephens, a young priest and a native of Sydney, has succeeded Father Walsh at Pambula.
– In Conversation with Pte. Jack Beathe the other night he said that he was unconscious for three weeks after being gassed.
– I. and J. O’Reilly reports the sale of Mr. W. Blacka’s dairy herd to Mr. C. Keating.
Lieut. Horace Rex, of Braidwood, has paid the supreme sacrifice on the blood-stained fields of France. He was a cousin of Mr. Rae Mater of Buckenboura.

PECULIAR ACCIDENT – On Monday last Mr. W. Crapp had a peculiar accident happen to his timber waggon at the water hole near the cemetery. He had been giving his horses a drink and when in the act of driving them out, one of the animals swerved, suddenly causing the waggon to turn a complete somersault. One of the wheels went right under the end of the culvert, and was jambed so tightly against the stringer that the decking had to be removed before the jinker could be extricated.

DEPARTURE – Mr. E. L. Arnett, of Cooboora, with his wife and child, left here on Thursday for Nashua, Richmond River, where he intends purchasing a farm. Mr. Arnett has leased his Cooboora property to Mrs. M. Mylott, of Tuross.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click here.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 27 October 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

WOUNDED – Mr. M. Keating received word last week that his youngest son, Private Jack Keating, had been wounded in the hand and now in Beaufort Hospital England.

PROMOTION – We are pleased to report that Pte. Harry Duncan of Eurobodalla, (who sailed just a year ago to take his place in the defence of the Empire) has gained distinction on the battlefield. He received his first stripe “Lance-Corporal,” about three months ago and has since been promoted to full Corporal and has been recommended by his Officer for the Military Medal. Harry has been in the trenches for six months, and when last writing was well and in the best of spirit. His mate, Pte. Roley Lavis, was wounded at Bullecourt and has been in England for a few months but is now, we understand back in France.

3798180MILITARY MEDALLISTPte. Roy Bailey, who has returned to Cobargo after serving in Gallipoli, Suez and in France, was tendered a great welcome home. This young hero (who is a native of Moruya and a cousin of Mrs. G. Cheeseman here) was severely wounded at Pozieres, and it was in action there that he won the military medal. Mr. T. Kennelly presided at the “Welcome Home,” and at a signal Sergt. Branch and Messrs. M. O’Reilly, C. P. Harris and V. Henry shouldered Pte. Bailey and carried him from the entrance of the hall to the platform. Pte. Bailey was presented with a cheque from the Mumbulla and Dromedary Wounded Soldiers’ Fund.

KILLED IN ACTION – Another of our brave boys has paid the supreme sacrifice. Word reached here last week that Private Fred Brooks, son of Mr. C. Brooks of Buckenboura, had been killed in action. This young hero is well known in Moruya, he having owned and raced the pretty little mare Hobble Skirt a few years ago. Private Brooks was a quiet, unassuming and honourable, and a fine specimen of Australian manhood. His parents have the sympathy of the whole district in the loss of their noble son.

SOLDIERS’ WELCOME – The War Chest Committee will tender Privates Jack Beathe and William Griffiths a welcome home on Monday night, next, 29th inst., in the Mechanics Hall. These two young heroes were gassed in France and are here on week-end leave.

NERRIGUNDAH – (From our Correspondent.) Last week the sad news was received by Mr. and Mrs. Cole that their son, Pte. Alfred Cole, had been killed in action. Alf was one of our brave lads who had volunteered in the early stages of the great war, and had been on active service at the front for the past 12 months. During that time he had been through a number of battles, upholding the honor of Australia.

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Mr. C. Wilson also received news that his son, Pte. Frank Wilson had been severely wounded. Frank, at the commencement of the war, was anxious to join the colors but he was under the age. He made many earnest appeals to his parents for their consent, and though it was hard to part with their only son, they were induced to capitulate. In his many letters home Frank seemed to be quite happy and anxious to get into battle.

Private F. Brice, another to uphold the honor of Nerrigundah, returned last week, invalided home with a shrapnel wound in the chest after doing his bit at the front.

Since January last 40,000 Australians have enlisted for service abroad.

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The Nerrigundah Roll of Honour. The names of three residents mentioned in the article above are on this board – now found in the Bodalla Hall

ARALUEN HERO KILLED – Writes the Araluen correspondent of the “News”:- John Leslie Nunn, who spent his school days in Araluen, where a brother and several uncles reside, answered the great call recently, being killed in action in France. Some months ago the young soldier was shot through the lungs, and apparently must have made a good recovery from the first wound. The young hero was a nephew of Mrs. “Gus” Keating of Mullenderree.

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The Cenotaph at Araluen

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click here.

Sales Day

The Moruya and District Historical Society will be holding a Plants, Cakes and Preserves Sales Day on Saturday, October 28, from 9am to 2pm at the Museum, 85 Campbell Street, Moruya.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 20 October 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

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Madame Olga Petrova was born Muriel Harding in England

MADAME PETROVA in her latest and greatest success The Waiting Soul, Star Theatre tonight.

INCOME TAX – Several city people have been fined £50 for not sending in Income Tax returns.

SCARCITY OF NEWSPAPER – “Everything comes to those wait”, (says Pambula “Voice”.) “After two year we received a bale of paper on Tuesday last.”

KIORA FACTORY – During August 4324 gallons of milk equalling 4443 standard gallons were delivered at the Kiora Factory.

MORUYA FACTORY – During August 16286 gallons of milk, equalling 15539 Standard gallons, were delivered at the Moruya Factory.

MINING – We are informed on reliable information that Messrs. G. H. James and C. Stubbs, jun., have purchased Mr. Harry Wendon’s Donkey Hill gold reef. This reef has been worked for many years past by Mr. Wenden, only in a small way, and has always been a paying, and in fact a profitable, proposition. May the new proprietors unearth fortunes, which is quite possible in such an auriferous locality.

HONOR ROLL – Word has been received by his parents, who live at Comerang, Bodalla, that Private J. Hunt, who enlisted from Bodalla had been killed in action on the 28th of September. This brave hero leaves a young wife, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Balwin, and an infant son.

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The Roll Of Honour at Bodalla has Private James Hunt on it.

IRONBARK ATTACKED – A serious condition has developed in State Forests on the North Coast as a result of the appearance and spread of a lerp insect, which is destroying the ironbark timber and defying the efforts of the forestry officials to combat it. The data it has been possible to collect does not enable the Government scientists to identify the insect sufficiently to enable them to prescribe an antidote.

VITAL STATISTICS – Following are the district statistics registered at Moruya for the quarter ending 29th day of September, 1917: – Marriages 3; Births, males 9, females 11, total 20 ; Deaths, males 5, females 2, total 7.

PRISONER OF WAR – Mrs. Molloy, of Mogo, has received a letter from one of her two sons who went to the war, Harry, stating that he was a prisoner of war in Gustrow, Germany. Private Harry, who is doing road work for the enemy, reckons that he is not getting the New South Wales award rates at his new occupation.

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Allied prisoners of war Gustrow camp, Germany, Ernst Grantzow. Image courtesy Australian War Memoria

FAREWELLED – On Friday evening of last week two of the oldest and most highly respected residents of the district, Mr. and Mrs. M. Morris ( who have relinquished business and are going to reside in Sydney) were tendered a farewell in the Convent School-room. A large gathering assembled to do honor to the departing guests. Mr. R. B. Heffernan on behalf of the R.C. parishioners presented Mr. Morris with a suit case and his good wife with a handbag containing a cheque. Mr. Morris suitably responded.

NAROOMA. – WAR CHEST DAY – A successful function was held here for War Chest Day in a sale of gifts and social etc. Donations in cash and kind were collected on both sides of the Wagonga, the collectors being the Misses D. O’Connor, N. Thomson, A. Wollett, V. Bettini, Joyce Stroud and Mrs. Barry. Mr. G. Thomson, our local auctioneer, as usual performed his duties gratuitously and disposed of many items in quick time. Mrs Morris and her staff of willing helpers presided at the refreshment room which was well patronised. Mrs. G. Sykes presided at the chamber of horrors, viz., exhibiting war trophies from the battlefields of France which had been sent home by her son who is at the front. This was well attended, it being a very interesting feature. The social at night was also well patronised and a jolly evening was spent, raffles, etc., being indulged in during the lulls in dancing. The School of Arts light, which has just been fitted out with the Gloria, made everything much brighter. The function netted about £53 for the War Chest Day.

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A full block of 1917 “War Chest” stamps. The stamps were designed by Harry John Weston, a popular artist of the time.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 13 October 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

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Louise Mack

LouiseMackLOUISE MACK –  There is coming to Moruya shortly one of the most remarkable personalities of the war. This is Miss Louise Mack, the pretty and charming little lady who has been thrilling crowded houses all over Australia with her wonderful recital: “What I saw in the war.” Miss Mack holds her audiences spell-bound wherever she goes. Her experiences were amazing. She went right through the German lines into the occupied city of Brussels, where she met that heroic figure, Edith Cavell.

HELP our poor and sick by attending the Hospital Ball on Wednesday night next.

HUT ROBBER – Sergt. Branch was out on Saturday searching for the robber, who has been visiting lonely huts and camps in Wadbillija, Tanto and Nerrigundah. A description of the man was furnished the police by a Cobargo resident who saw him on the eve of the robbery at Mr. W. Thompson’s hut. The stranger appears to be about 30 years of age and speaks with a foreign accent. The Sergeant was accompanied by Bill Brennan, of Wadbillija, noted for his bush lore, whose hut had been pillaged. They tracked the robber to Belowra and had to give up about 8 p.m. owing to the darkness.

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A typical slab hut of the time

DOG REGISTRATION – Today is the last day’s grace allowed for the registration of bow-wows. Forms obtainable at this office.

SCHOOL CLOSED – Owing to the resignation of the teacher, Miss Alice Jenner, and the paucity of attendance of pupils the Newstead School has again been closed.

OFF TO FIGHT – Our old friend, Mr. Alf Crapp writing from Woolgoola says. “Enlisted and gone into camp please continue sending the “Examiner” to Mrs. Crapp, and kindly remember me to all my friends.”

PROPERTY SALE – Mr. M. Morris has disposed of his property in Queen St., the shop and land occupied by Messrs. Cheesman Bros. and land occupied by Mr. C. Rochsey, the purchaser being Mr. A. F. Emmott.

DEATH – On Friday morning last an old man named William Kasey, who had been ailing for some time, was found dead in his bed at Mr. H. Anderson’s residence. The deceased who was about 70 years of age, and an Englishman, had been working on the Bergalia Estate for a number of years. The remains were interred on Saturday in the Methodist portion of the Moruya Cemetery, the Rev. E. S. Henderson, in the absence of the Rev. J. A. Walsh, officiating.

PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE  (War News) –

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Pvt, Leslie Stuart James Ross

– In his last letter to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Ross, Pte. Leslie Ross says that he is now at Queen’s College, Oxford studying for a pilot in the Aerial Corps

– Mr. Horace Head, late assistant teacher at the Public School, Moruya, is the latest local recruit to don khaki.

– Pte. V. Edwards, of Central Tilba who has just returned from the front minus an arm, received an enthusiastic public welcome home.

– Amongst the 340th list of killed in action during the week appeared the name of Pte. Edwin Ernest Woollett, Narooma, previously reported missing.

– Corporal Ethelbert Jenner, of Newstead, who has been with the Army Medical Corps at the front since the first year of the war, is expected home shortly

DEUA RIVER

– Miss Maud Mallon of Merricumbene drew a substantial cash prize in in Tattersalls’ sweep on the Spring Handicap recently at Randwick.

– We are pleased to state that Mr. “Paddy” Minihan, who was confined to his room last week, has resumed work at the Mt. Waddell mine.

– The many friends of Mrs. Thomas Cooper, of Crown Flat, Araluen, will regret to learn that she is in a poor state of health. She has, we understand, decided to go to Sydney in order to seek more skilful medical advice. Mrs. Cooper is a sister to Mr. “Glasgow” McIntosh, of Larry’s Point.

– Mr. George Turner snr. has gone to Moruya to undergo a course of treatment with Mr. R. Mehl for sciatica.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 6 October 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

“Manny” Harrison of Candelo is once more leaving the district, having been sentenced to six months imprisonment in Long Bay for being a habitual drunkard. This is sound procedure.

“CHRISTIAN SOLIDARITY” – At the Anglican Synod, a motion by Archdeacon Davies was carried, deploring the evidences of schism and strife in society, and calling upon all citizens to apply the principle of Christian solidarity in the relations of their work and life.

FREEZING WORKS – Mr. J. McKeon, who resigned the management of the local Freezing Works, has now launched out as a big supplier to these works of rabbits, which he is obtaining from as far as Cobargo and having conveyed to the works by a well appointed motor lorry.

NEW COTTAGE – Mr. G. Mitchell, of Narooma, is having a four-roomed cottage erected on his allotment of land adjoining the Hotel Adelaide, Moruya.

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The Adelaide Hotel, Moruya. The photo has been taken looking southwards down Vulcan Street.

FISHING INDUSTRY – Messrs. J. Davis and Newman must be accumulating quite a nice independence owing to the success which has been attending them in the fishing industry for some time past. Of course there are fishermen and fishermen, and whilst some make a failure of the business there are others, such as Davis and Newman, who are experts, brought up from infancy at the game, who make a success of it. Last week this firm sent away 120 baskets, including 28 Jew Fish, one weighing no less than 50lbs, all netted in the Tuross Lake.

HEADS ROAD.– Our Representative inspected the road to the surfing beach on the north side of the Moruya Rive during the week, and is of the opinion that one good man could put it in motorable order in 2 or 3 weeks. Tourists would not so persistently pass Moruya if our Councillors get this work done.

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Picnics at both North and South Head were extremely popular pastimes in the early 1900s

QUEEN ELECT – After this paper has been printed, posted and read by many the result of the voting for Queen of War Chest Day would be known, it having been arranged that the voting would close yesterday evening at 5 o’clock, after which the Coronation ceremony was to take place. The betting before going to press was in favour of Miss Mary Brown.

BAD LANGUAGE – We very much regret to report that complaints have been made to us by more than one resident of Vulcan Street that bad language in that thoroughfare has become quite a customary offence by a gang of hoodlums who congregate under Morris’ building, or verandah, of a Sunday afternoon and frequently at night. The foul-mouthed wasters keep a strict watch out for the police and when they hove in sight a decent silence is observed until the officers of the law get beyond the reach of their offensive vocabulary.
In the midst of four churches and two well appointed schools we were hopeful that the bad tongued larrikin had become a thing of the past. However, now that the police have an inkling of what is going on in this connection, we have no doubt that the nuisance will be abated by the clearance of this pestiferous gang, and, probably, the locking-up of the ring leaders.

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Morris’ bulding  is pictured here. At the time the photograph was taken the building was known as C. Johnson Moruya stores. It is currently known as Pollock’s Newsagency.The verandah under which ‘the bad tongued larrikins’ congregated is still there today.

NEWS FROM THE FRONT
– Lieut. Arthur Davidson, son of Mr. J. Davidson of Narooma, has won his Commission on the field.
– Private E. J. Halliday, son of Mr. E. J. Halliday, Chairman of the local Land Board, was recently wounded in France.
– Aeroplanes crossed the coasts of Kent and Essex, in groups, between 8 and 9 o’clock on Saturday evening. Several attacks were made on London. Bombs were dropped in the north-eastern and south-eastern districts and also in various places in Kent and Essex. London’s outer defences were not penetrated.

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A German Gotha loaded with bombs for a night time raid. The load is made up of two 100 kg ans 5five 50 kg high-explosive bombs.

WAGONGA NEWS – A correspondent writes: – Our little village was all excitement on Saturday last when it became known that Pte. Fred Brice had returned from the war. A social at night was given by his mother, Mrs. A. Brice, all being invited, was a big success. On entering the hall the soldier was greeted by three hearty cheers. Mr. W. Moorhead then gave a stirring speech, which was ably responded to by the guest of the evening. Dancing and singing were indulged in, the music being supplied by the well-known musicians Mesdames Preddy and S. Shumack. After a splendid supper a most enjoyable evening was brought to a close by singing the National Anthem

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

Featured image: Moruya Public School c.1910

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 7 April 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

AUCTION SALE – Richardson, Wrench and Thomson, will offer the late Mr. E. M. Mort’s property, known as Dalmeny, Bodalla, for sale on the 20th inst.

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Auction Notice from SMH on 16 April, 1917. Courtesy of TROVE

NEW LORRY – Mr. H. Waters is negotiating for the purchase of a new Fiat motor lorry to use in place of the six-horse wagon in conveying goods from the steamer’s wharf to Bodalla.

GREAT CLEARANCE SALE – R. H. Harvison notifies that he will offer for sale on 26th inst., the whole of the household furniture and effects of Mrs. W. H. Simpson who is leaving the district.

ANOTHER HERO GONE – On Monday evening the Rev. J. A. Walsh received a wire reporting the death of Private Ray C. Bishop, of Eurobodalla. He was killed on July 20th at Armentieres. The deceased was in his 21st year and was a fine specimen of young Australian. The sympathy of the whole district goes out to his widowed mother, in this her second bereavement, through this terrible war.

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STAR PICTURES – These pictures are attracting a well-merited share of public patronage. Mr. Godfrey Handscom now procures the latest films featuring the world’s foremost artists. Very excellent pictures of an educational nature, as well as those with a comic element are also introduced. If the unearthly row made by the small fry who congregate at the back of the hall could be eliminated, the weekly entertainment would be highly enjoyable.

CITIZEN’S ASSOCIATION – A meeting of the Moruya Parents and Citizen’s Association was held in the Shire Hall on Friday evening last, presided over by the President, Mr. R. L. Dawson. The rules submitted by the Board were adopted subject to the approval of the Department of Public Instruction. It was decided that an honor board to contain the names of all the old boys from the Moruya Public School who have gone to the war should be erected and placed in the school. It was resolved that we join the Council of Association and that we send three delegates, Mr. R. L. Dawson, Mr. H. Parbury and Mr. R. H. Harvison to the meeting this year. The meeting also decided to bring before the Department of Public Instruction the urgent need of alterations and repairs at the Moruya Public School.

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OUR BOYS – We are in receipt of post cards of views of Durban and Cape Town from Pte. P. Knight. Our young brave who has been in hospital through an attack of bronchitis after landing in England, gives some interesting notes of his voyage. He also sent his parents a splendidly written diary written on board the troopship.

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Cover of postcard envelope Durban, South Africa circa 1914-18. Courtesy of the Clement Family.

WEDDING – At St. John’s Church, Moruya, on Tuesday, a quiet wedding was celebrated by the Rev. Lewin of Bodalla, when Mr. Walter, only son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Doyle of North Sydney, and Miss Elsie, youngest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. Cameron, of Garlandtown, were joined in the holy bonds of matrimony. The dainty bride, who entered the Church on the arm of her father, was attired in a coat frock of nattier blue rockama, trimmed with cream katona, a white moire and a black panne velvet hat, trimmed with velvet fruit. She also wore a gold wristlet watch (gift of the bridegroom, the bride’s gift to the bridegroom being a gold-mounted fountain pen), and carried an ivory prayer book. Miss Florence Thomson attended as bridesmaid, and wore a cream serge coat frock with satin hat trimmed with autumn leaves and crab-apple. Mr. J. Corbett officiated as best man. Mrs. C. Cheesman presided at the organ and sang “The Voice that Breathed O’er Eden” as the register was being signed. The happy young couple afterwards left, per Weatherby’s special motor, amongst showers of confetti and good wishes for Sydney and Melbourne, – where the honeymoon will be spent.

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St John’s Anglican Church, Moruya – where the Walter – Cameron wedding was held.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of Date 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

MEDICAL – Dr. Quilter, who is absent on holidays, has arranged with Dr. Hatherell to take over his practice for a fortnight.

CHASING MUSHROOMS – Immediately after the Moruya Hurdle Race had been run on Tuesday last the Metropolitan champion hurdle and steeple-chase rider, E. Moon, was seen in the saddling paddock with a small bag of beautiful mushrooms. Asked by our rep where he got them, he replied “Over there, I spotted them when riding round in the Hurdle Race.” Moon must have had an easy ride on old Inverlorn, as it is the first occasion we have heard of a hurdle rider chasing mushrooms.

ACCIDENT A little girl in the employ of Mr. J. J. Heffernan, Yarragee was admitted to the local hospital on Thursday evening, suffering from a severe wound in the leg through being cut by barbed wire.

QUALIFYING CERTIFICATE – The following pupils from Eurobodalla Public School were awarded Qualifying Certificates: – John l. Storman, Reginald J. Bishop, Marjorie A. Byrne, Walter S. Reed, and Edna Mary Taylor. Their popular and talented teacher, Mrs. J. Johnston, thus scores another triumph in her long list of scholastic successes.

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Eurobodalla Public School

CHAPMAN NO 1 – Captain Jim Austin Chapman who has been in London on a fortnight’s leave from the front, cables that he had lunch with Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Deakin and Miss Deakin and that Mr. Deakin was improving in health. He also saw Mr. Fisher who is looking particularly well. Capt. Jim has gone back to the front again.

CHAPMAN NO 2 – Captain Jack Austin Chapman cables from London that he is convalescent after 6 weeks in hospital. During his stay there many Australians called to see him, including Mr. and Mrs. And Miss Deakin. He is now recuperating in Devon preparatory to joining his regiment at the front, where he hopes to be during the month.

AUSTRALIAN SINGERS – Owing to deprivations many a promising Australian voice has found its way to the scrap heap – so to speak- and not infrequently one of only mediocre calibre, whose owner enjoys the advantages of of wealth and friends to accompany him or her along, attains an efficiency of voice culture that enables him or her to star the world as a singer of considerable note. Writer often looks back into years long past with feelings of pleasure, tinged with no small degree of pride, when he first heard the clear sweet notes of Molly Ryan – now the famous Australian song bird, “Miss Marie Narelle” – when she used to warble to the patrons of her mother’s Post Office Hotel, in the little village of Cobargo. Miss Eva Mylott is another of our Australian song birds whom the “Examiner” assisted, not financially, but by inducing her, when only a pupil at our local Convent School, to sing at public entertainments and encouraging her by means of praise on the richness of her now world-famed contralto voice.

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Eva Mylott – singer and also grandmother of Mel Gibson

BODALLA – (From our Correspondent.) All of the candidates who sat for the qualifying certificate examinations at the local school were successful in passing. Our popular school teacher Mr. P. J. Hogan is to be congratulated on getting such a good result. The following are the names of the candidates. George Brown, Charles Connolly, Herbert Hogan, Eddie Illingworth, Ivy Milliner, and George Milliner.

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The old Bodalla Schoolhouse and residence

SAW MILL – McMillan Bros., of Corunna have started the Saw Mill at Potato Point which was started about three years ago by the Ironbark Co., and was closed down on account of the war. Messrs. McMillans expect to employ about thirty men when they get it going properly.

ONLY a few Orpington cockerels and Plymouth Rock pullet left for sale. Inspections invited.

PUBLICAN FINED – James H. Beresford, licensee of the Central Hotel Bega, was fined £2 with 6s costs on Monday for keeping his booth open for sale of liquor after 6 p.m. at Bega races on 1st January.

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The Central Hotel was Bega’s leading hotel.

ANOTHER REMINDER – We have to again remind buyers at the late furniture sale who have not settled their accounts, that our clerk’s patience has become exhausted in waiting to adjust the books.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 27 January 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

HOTEL CHANGES HANDS – At the Moruya Court on Tuesday the license of the Adelaide Hotel was transferred from Ada Pollock to “Tom” Mallet of the Hotel Carlton, Sydney.

H. J. THOMSON will offer three milking cows for sale at the Adelaide Hotel today.

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The Adelaide Hotel, Moruya c.1920

GENERAL ENTRY – Horse owners are reminded that general entry night for the Moruya annual races has been fixed for Thursday next the 1st of February, at 8 o’clock at Tatts, Keating’s Hotel.

AMUSEMENT TAX As the Government has fixed the amusement tax at one penny in the shilling, the Moruya Jockey Club has decided to make this collection at the inner gate where gentlemen will pay an extra sixpence and ladies an extra threepence, and thus do away with the penny collection at the outer gate. The public is requested to bring the correct change.

PUBLIC HOLIDAY – The Secretary, Mr. Flanagan, has received a communication from Mr. H. E. Simpson, Shire Clerk, that Monday, 5th Feb., first day of Moruya Annual Races has been gazetted a Public Holiday.

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Moruya Races at the former racecourse – now the Moruya Showground.

DEATH AT COBARGO – Soon after resuming work after dinner on Friday, a man named McCauley, employed on the new Bank premises, collapsed from heat apoplexy. He was working at the filling-in of concrete foundations, and complained of feeling dizzy. His mates went to his assistance but he collapsed. He was taken to Hammond’s Hotel, and attended by Dr. Lister. He later developed delirium. “Mac,” as he was familiarly called in Cobargo was a prime favorite. – “Chronicle.”

OUR HARBOUR – As we have already pointed out in these columns the channel in the Moruya River, which is utilised as the port for this big shipping district, has so silted up, consequent upon the late flood, that on every occasion that the steamer tries to navigate it the little craft gets so firmly stuck that it is compelled, after struggling in vain and wasting fuel, to wait until the following tide. On Saturday morning last the regular boat, the s.s. Benandra, stuck fast when nearing the town and was obliged to put its passengers ashore in one of the small boats. If some strong concertive action is not soon taken by the public to get a suction pump at work here, it won’t be very long before Moruya will be minus a boat altogether.

WEDDING – BERRIMAN – RAVAILLION All Saint’s Church, Bodalla was the scene of a very pretty wedding on Wednesday 17th inst. When Alfred Joseph, fifth son of Mr. and Mrs. C. Berriman, Congo Bergalia, was married to Phyllis Elsie, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. H. Ravailiion “Fernleigh,” Coila. Rev. H. E. Lewin officiated. The bride, who was given away by her father, looked charming in a beautiful gown of ivory crepe-de-chene, with over dress of shadow lace, the square Court train of white satin being lined with shell pink and trimmed with true lover’s knots, and sprays of orange blossoms. After the ceremony the bridal party were driven to the residence of the bride’s parents where a sumptuous wedding breakfast was served and the usual toasts being proposed and responded to, only the immediate relatives of both families being present. Later Mr. and Mrs. Ravaillion gave a brilliant reception in the Turlinjah Hall. Mr. and Mrs. Berriman left early in the evening on their wedding tour of the South Coast.

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All Saints’ Bodalla – the location of the Berriman-Ravaillon wedding.

NERRIGUNDAH – (From our Correspondent). Miss Madeline Mather, who was a pupil of that talented teacher, Mrs. Johnstone of Eurobodalla, received notice last week that she had been appointed teacher of a school at Kyogle at a salary of £132 a year. Miss Mather left on Thursday for her new home with good wishes from all who have had the pleasure of her acquaintance.

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Eurobodalla Public School – June 1906. Mrs Johnston is on the left.

Mr. W. E. Guest received a letter from Private Frank Curtis, who has been fighting on the Somme but is now in the Beaufort War Hospital in England suffering from “trench feet.” Frank says that he expects to be back in that butcher’s shop of a battle field in a few weeks. “We are getting a bit the better of things on the Somme but it is a hard-fought battle. It is terrible weather in France, all the battle ground is nothing but a great big bog hole, many who get wounded in the early stages of the battle smother in the mud. One gets bogged up to the waist and has to be pulled out at times.

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Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).