Featured Image: The facade of the Narooma Kinema, housed in the historic Soldiers Memorial School of Arts Hall.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 6 April 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

KIND FRIENDS – We have to acknowledge with sincere thanks some beautiful samples of his choice apples from Mr S. Kimpton, of Deua River, and a case of the very best pears and apples from Mr Jos. Taylor, of Kiora. We are truly grateful for our friends’ kind thought. May their shadows never grow less!

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT – Mrs Lawrence, treasurer of the local Knitting Class, in receipt of the following:-

“ I am writing you a few lines thanking you and the people of the Knitting Class for parcel received. It was very acceptable. I am getting along fine over here. It is twelve months since I left Moruya. Well, you will have to excuse this short note. Wishing all the best and kindest regards, from a Moruya soldier, Tpr. J. Coman.”

AFTERNOON TEA – Mrs C. Cheesman entertained the members of the Knitting Class to an afternoon tea in the Shire Hall on Thursday, when a pleasant time was spent, the younger members particularly having an enjoyable time.

DR QUILTER – The youngest son of Mr J. A. Greig, of Bingie, was taken suddenly ill during the week. Dr Quilter at once ordered the patient to Sydney for treatment, and kindly gave the use of his car and chauffeur to take the child as far as Nowra, to catch the early train yesterday.

ILLNESS – On Thursday Mrs E. Lawrence was admitted to the local hospital suffering from a severe attack of her old complaint – bronchitis. Mrs Alf Foreman was also admitted the same day in a state of excruciating pain through erysipelas. At the time of going to press both patients were much improved.

SHIPPING – The local steamer which left the wharf here last Saturday morning became fast on a sandbank near Mr A. Louttit’s. She however floated off on the evening tide, but only proceeded as far as the coal wharf, nearly opposite Mr Rose’s where she again stuck. Here she remained until the following night, when she crossed the bar for Sydney at about 11 p.m. Low tides and being heavily laden with timber was the cause of trouble. The steamer returned yesterday morning and was to have left again at 2 o’clock this morning.

MOTOR CAR – Mr. Thomson of Bateman’s Bay brought a new model motor car to town on Tuesday morning. It was the centre of interest to a large number of men whilst it remained in the main street. The engine and gears were taken from a Harley Davidson motor bicycle. The hand wheels are from some motor car and the remainder is Mr Thomson’s own make. A notable feature is the electric lighting arrangements in which the light remains at the same strength whether the engine is running fast or slow. The starting handle is also an improved model, being at the side of the car instead of in front.

PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE – Remember the sacrifices offered by our brave Australians in the great offensive, and buy a Red Cross House Badge.

Canvassers will shortly make a Red Cross “drive” in this district. Every house will be bombarded till it displays a Red Cross Badge.

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A donation box used to collect money for the Red Cross during World War 1. Moruya Museum collection – 000/074

 NAROOMA – (From our Correspondent.)

On Tuesday last, March 26th, Narooma was in Festal array, the occasion being the home-coming of Lance-Corporal James Anderson, D.C.M., who has been on active service for the past two years in France, having been wounded twice. On the first occasion he greatly distinguished himself although wounded, and on the second occasion he received a knock-out which necessitated his being invalided home, and is now an inmate of the Randwick Military Hospital, where, I understand, he has to undergo an operation, having lost one of his eyes, hence he was granted a few days leave to come home and visit his friends and relatives. Word was only received late on Monday evening by his father that he was coming home via the s.s. Merimbula, so the citizens were early astir on Tuesday morning making preparations for his reception.

Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917  are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms.  Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

 

 

 

 

 

Featured image: Captured Turkish troops, Palestine. From the Fred Hutchings Collection. Moruya Museum

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 30 March 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

THE GREAT STRUGGLE has commenced, all thoughts are concentrated on the Western front.

AEROPLANES OVER VICTORIA. – While on duty near Nyang on Thursday, Constable Wright, while awaiting assistance to get a car out of the stiff sand, observed two aeroplanes flying very high pass almost dues westwards over the route of the railway line from Ouyen to Adelaide. No notification had been received of any projected flight. The day was very clear, and the constable said that he distinctly saw the glint of a machine in the sunshine.

FATALITY AT CENTRAL TILBA – On Wednesday news was received of a terrible accident at Glenrock, Central Tilba, when an eleven year old daughter of Mr. John Barker was killed instantly. The Coroner, Mr. M. O’Reilly, held an inquiry, when a number of witnesses gave evidence. Roy Barker, a brother of the deceased, stated that it was his habit to drive a van loaded with milk to the cheese factory every morning. On Wednesday morning his sister Caroline May, got into the van to go to school. He was coming from the house to get into the van, when he saw the horse move off at a walk. The brake was on and his sister did not have hold of the reins. The down hill from the yards soon urged the horse to a gallop, and after going about 150 yards the van turned over. The deceased never moved or spoke after she was picked up. Dr. Lister stated that he examined the deceased and found that her skull was fractured and that death was instantaneous. There were several milk cans lying around where the deceased was picked up. The coroner returned a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence – that Caroline May Barker, aged 11, died from laceration of the brain, accidentally received through being thrown out of a van.

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DEATH – It is our sad duty this week to chronicle the death of Mr. Thomas Donnelly, whose serious illness was reported in these columns a short time ago. His demise took place early on Sunday morning in the local hospital, to which place he had been removed from home a few weeks ago, at the age of 62 years. The late Mr. Donnelly, who was a native of Dubbo, N.S.W., had been ailing for 10 years, but it was only about five weeks ago that it was considered serious, the kidneys being the cause of the trouble. Dr. Quilter was in constant attendance, and wishing for a consultation, Dr. Marshall was sent for, but the Bega medico only verified Dr. Quilter’s diagnosis of the case, and pronounced it a critical one. The deceased was of such an unassuming disposition that it was only those who knew him intimately had any idea of his benevolent spirit. The deceased leaves a widow, six sons – Messrs. Patrick and Claude (Moruya), Gilbert (Bodalla), Rupert (Sydney), George and Joseph (Moruya), – five daughters – Medames J. Spinks (Burra), R. Spinks (Bodalla), Dave Coppin (Gundary), E. Taylor (Bulli) and Miss Jessie Donnelly (Gundary).

ROLL OF HONOR – Mrs. C. Cheeseman has received the sad intelligence that her favourite nephew paid the supreme sacrifice on the blood-stained field of France.

A GREAT many Moruyaites contemplate visiting Bateman’s Bay on Easter Monday to attend the day’s sports and ball at night.

PRIVATE Phil Knight quite astonished as well as delighted his many friends on Monday night by his fluent and terse speech. Phil promises to become as good an orator as he has been a patriot.

A RESPONSE. – In order to appease our craving for some choice fruit, as Mr. J. Grumley, of Wagonga, says he presented us with a few samples of beautiful apples of the Royal Eight variety, from his own orchard. Thanks friend Grumley.

Mr. J. Hansen has leased Mrs. W. H. Simpson’s town residence, “Carlyon,” Moruya.

Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 12 January 1918, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

FROM THE FRONT – Mrs. W. Costin, of Narooma, is receipt of the following from her son, Pte. Arthur Costin, who has been awarded the military medal for conspicuous bravery: –

Belgium,
31st October, 1917.
“Your very welcome letter to hand from some considerable time back and I am looking forward to getting another shortly. It is about two weeks since I wrote you last. We only came out of the line a few days ago after having a pretty rough trot of it, being up and down from supports to the front line for a fortnight, and not having a chance of writing, but as far as I can hear we will be going out for a few weeks spell in a day or two billets in France. I suppose you will have heard before you get this letter of my distinction, being awarded a military medal. No doubt you will have heard of the Zonnebecke race course where the “Ausies” have been fighting well, that’s the place I was recommended for dispatch carrying under heavy shell fire (or running as we call it), and rough conditions, rain and mud, the latter very often being up to one’s waist.

I have the colors to wear, which I am enclosing a piece of, but have not yet the medal as that will be presented by some big head- such as General Birdwood or the King. By jove Frank was lucky, I had a letter from him a few days ago. He was saying that one of the chaps in the camp was skylarking with a loaded rifle and shot him in the foot, meaning a couple of months in hospital. I don’t mind telling you that Blighty would do me just at present for a bit of a spell. From your loving son and brother, ARTHUR”

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The village of Zonnebecke that is mentioned in the letter was right on the Western front and next to where the fierce battle of Polygon Wood too place.

FOR SALE – A first –class double barrel hammerless gun. A bargain. A. W Constable, “Examiner” Office.

VITAL STATISTICS – Following are the returns of births, deaths and marriages in the district of Moruya, registered during the quarter ended 31st of December, 1917: – Marriages – 1; births – males 13, females 14, total 27; deaths – males 2, females 3, total 5.

HEAVY HAULING – There is no doubt whatever in the fact that Moruya in the past has ably held its end of the stick up in the matter of heavy log-hauling, more especially by Messrs A. Crapp and H. Waters who used to astonish the natives by the great circumference of the forest monsters they frequently brought into town. Both these expert teamsters have now retired into other avocations of a less laborious nature and their mantle has fallen fully on the shoulders of William Crapp, brother of our big-hearted friend “Alf” who has taken over the log-supply contract for Saxon & Binns through Allan Taylor. Mr. W. Crapp has now a first-class team of seven big well-conditioned horses, and being a driver of considerable experience is now bringing in immense logs left by his predecessors and others as too cumbersome and weighty for haulage.

BURNING FATALITY – The year 1918 opened sadly for the Boyle family of Nerrigundah, as on its first day Miss Boyle met with such a terrible burning accident that she succumbed a few days after. It appears that the unfortunate lady was cooking the dinner when her clothes caught fire. Her screams immediately attracted the attention of her two brothers, one of which was severely burnt about the hands and arms when extinguishing the flames. Medical advice was sought and Dr. Quilter ordered the victim into the local hospital. Despite all the care and attention however she passed peacefully away early on Sunday morning at the age of 44 years. Deceased leaves a mother, four brothers, James, John, William and Robert and two sisters, Mrs. Atfield (Queensland) and Mrs. W. Jessop (Nerrigundah).

RAINFALL – Heavy rain fell on Thursday night and Friday morning, 144 points having been registered up to 9 a.m. yesterday.
Nineteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1917 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

In many museums it is easy to find objects that look really quite ordinary. You might wonder  why they have been kept at all.  Strangely, it is often these very ordinary looking objects that have the most extraordinary stories to tell.

This is certainly the case with a Willow cake tin and a handmade calico postal bag that were donated to the Moruya Museum earlier this year and are now prominently displayed in the museum’s Remembrance Room.

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Willow Cake tin, MDHS Collection – 017/032
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Postal bag, MDHS Collection – 017/033

During World War 11, this Willow cake tin, filled with Christmas Cake made with the family recipe, was sent north by Miss Constance Mary Tremlett (1884-1975), a schoolteacher living in  Ashfield, Sydney to her nephew Leading Aircraftman (LAC) Geoffrey George Tremlett (1909-2007) who served briefly in Townsville and then in New Guinea.

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Constance Mary Tremlett (1884-1975) – Photo courtesy of Marisha Kelly
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Geoffrey George Tremlett – Photo courtesy of Marisha Kelly

The practice of sending “Willow Tin Christmas Cakes” to the troops was a common one during the war. Many families had their favourite recipes. . The recipe that Constance Tremlett used was a version of the recipe below. This recipe has been handed down through the generations and like all recipes, modified over time. To read the handwritten Tremlett family recipe click below

Tremlett Christmas Cake Recipe

Constance Tremlett was a fortunate cook and LAC Tremlett was an even luckier soldier. The introduction of wartime rationing in 1942 meant that many cooks had to alter their recipes by finding substitutes for vital ingredients, particularly butter. Constance was able to keep cooking her rich cake as butter was sent to Sydney by family members who were living at Walcha Road (New England Tablelands) during World War 11 and who kept their own cows.

Butter and other produce was packed into biscuit tins and sent overnight by train to Central Railway, where it was picked up by family members. Constance or ‘Great Aunt Con’ would then,  using the best possible ingredients available and with whatever coupons the family could give her, bake the fruit cake in the Willow cake tin the cake.

After cooking the lid was placed on the tin and everything was wrapped in a handsewn calico bag and posted to Townsville and later in the war, to Port Moresby.  Numerous post marks can be seen on the front of the bag demonstrating that the bag was sent backwards and forwards a number of times.

Those postmarks are a real testament to how much LAC Geoffrey Tremlett ( and his mates) must have enjoyed his Aunt Con’s Christmas cake!

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Postal bag, MDHS Collection – 017/033

Acknowledgements:

Marisha Kelly – Donation of tin and bag, Tremlett family photos, Christmas Cake recipe anf family information

Maureen Keating – Object photography

 

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 15 December 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

CONSCRIPTION REFERENDUM – On Thursday next the people of the Commonwealth are asked to record their votes for or against Conscription for over-seas as propounded by Mr. Hughes, Prime Minister. Everyone who has been given the right to vote should go to the poll and exercise it, fully satisfying his or her conscience in the direction in which it is recorded. We have studied the question from every conceivable standpoint, but cannot bring ourselves to force non-combatants to take up arms and fight against their will.

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FIRE – On Tuesday night last Mr. Rowley Hassal’s fine at “Glendarnel,” Braidwood, were totally destroyed by fire, together with a quantity of valuable harness and saddlery.

BODALLA RED CROSS – The members of the Bodalla Red Cross Society are holding a grand ball on December 26th to raise funds for a big day’s sports to take place on Anniversary Day in aid of the Australian Red Cross.

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Red Cross box from MDHS Collection

CHILDREN’S FETE – This year the Moruya Convent School will wind up for the Xmas holidays by a Children’s Fete, in lieu of the Annual Concert. The function opened yesterday, and will be continued this Saturday up to 10 p.m.

PROMOTION – A private cable announces that the Hon. Austin Chapman’s youngest son Jack has been promoted to the rank of Major. He has had two years in the thick of the fighting, was badly gassed in one battle, but after four months in hospital returned to the trenches. He is one of the youngest majors in the army, being only in his twentieth year.

PROMOTIONNorman Corkhill who left Australia as a private has worked himself upon the field step by step until now he enjoys the title of Captain. Our young warrior is the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Corkhill of Tilba Tilba.

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An early postcard from Central Tilba

DEATH – Very sincere sympathy was expressed in Moruya for Mr. John Keir, of Tilba, when news came through that his wife had died in Sydney. Mr. Kier at once started, via Bega, to catch the train at Cooma for Sydney. The deceased lady was a daughter of Mr. Martin, who managed a Mount Dromedary mine many years ago, and later on was the manager of the Wamban Little Gem gold mine, residing during the time in one of Mr. W. Constable’s cottages at Gundary, Moruya.

A LIFE SAVED – Through the expertness and pluck of Master Edwin Hartman of Gundary, Moruya, young Garnett, son of George Chew Ying, storekeeper of Queen Street, was rescued from a watery grave on Sunday last. It appears that the lad was playing with others close to the deep pond near the river, which is situated a short distance below the lower town wharf, at present used as a swimming bath by the public, and either accidentally fell or was pushed into the pond on the river side where the water is dangerously deep. Garnett, who was fully clothed, had gone to the bottom for the third time when Master Edwin Hartman, attracted by the agonising screeches of children who had witnessed the accident, appeared on the scene and, without waiting to divest himself of his clothing, dived down, boots and all and soon appeared on the surface with the almost drowned Garnet, whom he brought to terra firma.

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Chewying’s shop in Queen Street, Moruya MDHS Collection

BATEMAN’S BAY – (From our Correspondent).

– An Accident which has cast quite a gloom over the village, occurred on Sunday evening about 8 o’clock. Mr. Shinfield, of the Benandra Public School, was out on his motor bike accompanied by Miss Edna McKee, when opposite the Police Station, in order to avoid collision with some stray horses he swerved to the right but was unsuccessful in preventing a capsize. Both were rendered unconscious, Miss McKee was in a serious condition until Tuesday. Dr. Quilter remained during the night and for a time held out little hope. Thanks to all round assiduous care she is now conscious and it is hoped the worst has passed.

– On Sunday about noon Cr. Jos. Sebbens, when returning from church met with an accident. Happily no bones were broken but Mr. Sebbens had a severe shaking. His horse took fright at a motor bike, bolted, and smashed up the sulky.

 

 

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

Featured image: A card from the Anderson family collection of 1920’s Christmas cards

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 8 December 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

MORUYA ANNUAL RACES – The Officials have issued the programme for their annual two days’ race meeting which takes place on the Moruya course on Monday and Tuesday, 4th and 5th of February, 1918. The Moruya Cup carries 55 sovereigns, and the Town Plate, which is listed for the second day, is worth 35 sovereigns. A Jumpers’ Flat Race of 20 sovereigns on the first day and a Hurdle Race of 30 sovereigns on the second day are also attractive items. Altogether the programme is a credit to the Club and District. A list of the prizes, regulations and all particulars can be obtained on application to the secretary, Mr. Frank Flanagan.

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ACCIDENT – Whilst riding after stock, Mr. “Bob” Higgins, of Araluen, sustained a fractured rib through his horse falling. The patient was taken to the Braidwood hospital where he is now reported to be doing well.

JERVIS BAY LAND SALE – We have been sent an artistic plan of Jervis Bay City Estate which is to be sold by Hardy and Gorman at their rooms, 133 Pitt Street, Sydney, on Monday next at 11:30 am. The plan can be inspected at this office.

SUNDAY TRADING  – Last month the bench, composed of local magistrates, granted the following persons a licence to trade on Sundays – E. Corbett, G. Chewying, and H. Fordham. Gancsha Tabo was granted a Hawker’s licence at the same court.

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George Chewying’s shop in Queen Street, Moruya

POSSE OF POLICE – Owing, no doubt, to a report by Mr. Oakes to the authorities re the disturbance which followed his and Captain Millard’s Conscription meeting, held in the Mechanics’ Hall last week, quite a posse of distinguished Police Officers honored (?) our proverbially orderly and well conducted little township with their presence on Wednesday night, presumably to see that law and order were observed and the Conscriptionist – who was announced to address a public meeting that night – and his supports were preserved from molestation. The official visitors were : Inspector Saunders (Braidwood), Sergeant Face (Araluen), First-class Constable Barry (Narooma), and Constable Wilson (Braidwood).

CONSCRIPTION MEETING – Mr. W. T. Dick, M.L.C. formerly for some years State Member of Newcastle, addressed a public meeting in the Mechanic’s Hall on Wednesday night, in favour of Mr. Hughes’ Conscription Referendum. Mr. R. L. Dawson occupied the chair and introduced Mr. Dick to the audience, which was a very small one at the time, only about nine persons being present, but this number gradually increased before the close of the address by about twenty more.

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A “YES” conscription poster designed to appeal to rural voters

DEUA RIVER

– Alderman Burke, M.L.A., addressed an anti-conscription meeting here on Saturday and was accorded a patient and attentive hearing. He said he was entirely opposed to the application of conscription of Australians for foreign service and adjured all those present to vote “No” on December 20th, not so much as to nark “Little Billy” as to save Australia from military despotism.

– Private J. E. Turner, of Deua River, after spending a few weeks in Bethnal Green Military Hospital, London, to which he was admitted suffering from trench fever, has returned to the firing line. Pte. Turner is and avowed anti-conscriptionist.

– Alderman Burke, M.L.A., in a chat with this writer at Deua River on Saturday, said that Billy Hughes was the greatest Sian Feiner in Australia the meaning of the word being “all for self.” – Fermanagh Mallon, Merricumbene, via Moruya.

BODALLA – (From our Correspondent).

– On Friday evening November 30t a very successful social was held in the local Hall in aid of funds for the Bodalla Brass Band. First class music was provided by the band, the Bulgarie Trio, Miss Walsh and Mr. J. Lipscombe. The prize for the fancy dress was won by Miss Linda Marsden, who looked “just the thing” as Australia. The proceeds amounted to about £10.

– The Tennis Club have started playing again and local enthusiasts may be seen on the court in the early hours of the morning as well as afternoons.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

In our small collection of exquisite embroidered greeting cards, or World War 1 Silks, is this wonderful Christmas card sent by John Henry (Harry) Keyte to his sister Sarah May (known as May) Louttit nee Keyte. In 1917 May and her husband Sid Louttit* were living at Kiora.

The postcard was sent from France on 18 October 1917. While it must have been extremely difficult for Harry to send this card from the trenches of the Western Front, it would have been received by his sister May with real joy and relief in the knowledge that her brother was still alive on the other side of the world.

The beautiful embroidery on these postcards, very popular during WW1, was produced by French women in their own homes, probably to provide some kind of income during these difficult times. Silk mesh was used to embroider the designs, which often featured floral designs, as well as flags and military insignia that were meaningful to the soldiers who bought and sent them. The embroidered silk was then sent to be mounted onto card at factories. According to the AWM, about ten million of these were made between 1915 and 1919. The soldiers used them to write home short notes to their wives, sisters, mothers and fathers.

Cards like this are important examples of personal communication from the the First World War. The fact that this card was preserved as a treasure within a family for so long, indicates how important such brief notes were to the family at home.

Post Card from France
The embroidered “Silk”
Postcard from France back
The brief note wrotten to his sister May Louttit
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Private Keyte Photo Shirley Jurmann Collection

Harry Keyte (1882 – 1948)_

John Henry ( Harry) Keyte was born in Majors Creek in 1882.  His parents were John Keyte and Sarah Keziah nee Cook. The Keyte family moved to Turlinjah, just opposite to the turn off to Tuross Head. when Harry was approx. 12.

Harry enlisted on 1 August 1915 and his unit embarked from Sydney, New South Wales, on board HMAT A14 Euripides on 2 November 1915.

Harry returned to Australia in 1920 along with a war bride (Gladys Maud) from England and they were to have eight children.

Harry’s service records and his obituary mention long bouts of illness caused by the war; most likely caused through gassing.

He died on the 10 February, 1948 aged  66.

Left: This photo in uniform was apparently taken just before Harry left Australia for the war. It was sent from Egypt 30/11/1915.

 

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Harry and Gladys Keyte. Photos Shirley Jurmann Collection
John and Sarah Keziah Keyte
Harry’s parents – John and Sarah Keziah Keyte (nee Cook) Photo Shirley Jurmann Collection

* Sid and May Louutit bought the property “Braemar” in 1924. Read a previous post:    Lost Moruya – Braemar Farm Homestead

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 1 December 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

NO-CONSCRIPTION – On Tuesday night Mr. Cecil Whitmore, a nonconscriptionist organiser, addressed fairly large gathering in Page Street, immediately in front of the Mechanics reading room, against Mr. Hughes’ Referendum proposals. At the same time Senator Oakes and Captain Millard were holding a conscriptionist meeting in the Mechanics’ Hall. We have received no report of Mr. Whitmore’s meeting but judging by the loud cheering which punctuated his lengthy address, the audience must have been most sympathetic and appreciative.

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The Moruya Mechanics’ Institute where Senator Oakes and Captain Millard’s “conscriptionist meeting” was held. Following the meeting the chairman had eggs pelted at him by local youths. (See the article below)

EGG-THROWING – A number of youths, whose fathers should tie them up to the bedpost and flail that portion of their anatomy upon which they are supposed to sit, followed the chairman of the conscriptionists meeting on Tuesday night and, we are told, pelted him with eggs. Whether the hen-fruit was green or over-ripe makes very little difference, the action was a decidedly cruel one.

DEATH – During the week, not only the town, but the whole district mourned the loss of one of its most popular citizens. We refer to Mr. Crayton Burns, whose untimely death took place at his residence, “Sunnybrae,” Mullenderree on Monday evening, at the comparatively young age of 48 years. Mr. Burns was a native of Moruya, having been born in Queen Street, where his father, the late Mr. William Burns, kept a general store, on the allotment that Ryan’s Club House Hotel now stands. A few years after the family removed to Parramatta, where Mr. Crayton married. About four years ago he returned to Moruya and took up a position at Emmott’s Beehive Store.

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Ryan’s Clubhouse Hotel, Queen Street Moruya

NERRIGUNDAH ROBBER – A man who has committed several robberies, commencing at Tilba, has been leading the police a merry chase across the Victorian border. He is said to have out telegraph wires between Eden and Orbost, and committed robberies at private homesteads on his way down through Nimmitabel and Bombala districts to Rockton. A number of police and trackers were on his trail, and hit upon several of his deserted camps. At one of these some books on military matters and explosives were found. It is surmised that the man is a Russian deserter from the military camp in Sydney, if so he is described as 27 years of age, dark, and with hazel eyes. – Candelo “Record.”

LETTER HOME – Pte Phil Knight in writing home on 29th September, says: –

I expect long before you receive this you will have both the official and Aunt’s cable telling you I am wounded. I was wounded on Sept. 20th, about 36hours after we had “hopped over,” consolidated, and were holding our strong point. We were to be relieved and with six others were going as advance guards to the dug-outs in reserve just behind the lines. I had just given over my ammunition, bombs, etc., and was stepping over a chap lying in the bottom of the trench trying to get a bit of sleep, when I was cracked on the leg and fell on the chap at the bottom. My leg doubled up a treat. The same shell got two others also. The boys in the trench were most kind to me and sent immediately for the stretcher bearers, who soon had me to the dressing station, and from there to the casualty clearing station where I went under chloroform. The piece of shrapnel was extracted and given to me. I expect I will be here some time and then go to “Blighty,” so they tell me. This hospital is an American one and the sisters are very nice and kind.

HARBOURS AND RIVERS – Mr. Vowell, Chief Engineer of Harbours and Rivers south of Wollongong, passed through Moruya on Wednesday for Narooma, whither he has gone to inspect the entrance to the harbour there, reported to be almost silted up.

MUSICAL EXAMINATION – At the London College of Music Examination held at Bermagui on November 24th, the following girls passed successfully:- Senior – Eileen Bishop, Jessie M. Mercer; Intermediate – Marion A. Bate, Edna M. Taylor; Elementary – Stella McMillan, Norah Storman and Winnie Bate, all being pupils of Mrs. Preddy, A.L.C.M., of Wagonga.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 24 November 1917, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

AN OUTSPOKEN SOLDIER – Private Oswald Harper, a young Moruya native, son of Mr. C. A. Harper and Mrs. Harper, now of Ashfield, in writing home says, among other things:-

“War is hell, but the only way to end it is to exterminate the Hun, that is what we are fighting for, and it will easily be done if those in power at home back us up, but party squabbles and petty squabbling are disheartening to a soldier at the front. He undergoes the most terrible hardships and lives under frightful conditions, no knowing what moment will be his last, does so in the hope that he will be relieved some time and food and sleep will soon be his. He has absolute confidence in his officers and commanders. Why shouldn’t he possess the same in his Government and in his countrymen?”

Private Harper it might be said has been dangerously wounded since the above was written and was an inmate of the Cumberland Hospital, but is now in the convalescent stage although still under a specialist for his hearing. He was in the famous Bullecourt battle where the Australians distinguished themselves. It is feared he will be permanently deaf. The bullet entered the back of the head and travelled on to the left eye, splintering all it came in contact with. Two and a half inches of temporal bone was removed. The bullet after lodging in the arch over the eye dropped down into the cheek. He had to undergo two serious operations, almost hopeless, but he pulled through! It proves what marvellous advances have been made in modern surgery during this war.

PROMOTION – Mr. Leslie Ross, son of Mr. J. Ross has been promoted to Flight Lieutenant in the Flying Corps.

LT James Stuart Leslie Ross 589 Australian Flying Corps A.I.F. – Photo courtesy of AWM
LT James Stuart Leslie Ross 589 Australian Flying Corps A.I.F. – Photo courtesy of AWM

KILLED IN ACTION – Private E. J. Sebbens of Mogo, previously reported missing, is now reported killed. We extend our sympathy to the relative of the plucky young Mogoite who has paid the supreme sacrifice for his King and Country.

ANTI-CONSCRIPTION – The public meeting convened by advertisement for Monday night to protest against Mr. Hughes’ Conscription Referendum was unquestionably one of the largest we have ever seen in Moruya. The Shire Hall could not accommodate more than about a third of those present with seats. Mr. G. Hanscom was called to the chair, and in a brief and sensible address explained the cause of the meeting. It was then unanimously decided to form an Anti-Conscription League, and the following officers were appointed, viz., Mr. Gregg Bishop President; Mrs. J. Heffernan (Mullenderree) Vice President; Mrs. G. Constable and Miss “Katie” Heffernan Joint Hon Secretaries, and Mr. P. Hoolahan Treasurer. Another meeting has been called for Wednesday, the 28th inst.

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PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE

– Persons making false statements in connection with the Referendum are to be prosecuted.

– Mr. Hughes explains the compulsory reinforcements scheme covers men between the ages of 20 and 44 inclusive, and that a man will be liable to be called up until he has attained his 45th birthday.

– Reported that over a dozen mines have been picked up in the vicinity of Gabo. One brought up recently got away, and finally drifted ashore near Black Head, where a number of men were camped procuring grass-tree gum. When the mine hit the rock, about midnight, it exploded, throwing pieces over 200 yards inland, many of which fell in the camp, and the men thought the enemy was bombing them. Needless to say, there was a general stampede of men and horses. – Pambula “Voice.”

OYSTER DISEASE – A disease has attacked the oysters in parts of the Bermagui river, and it is estimated some hundreds of bags have died. A peculiarity of the disease is that it affects the oysters in patches, and is apparently new to the river. – Cobargo “Chronicle.”

RAIN FALL – Nice steady rain commenced falling on Wednesday night and continued without cessation up until 10 o’clock on Thursday night, giving the nice and acceptable record of 227 points in Moruya.

Eighteen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1916 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (www.mdhs.org.au).

The Moruya Museum houses a collection of furniture, books, artefacts and memorabilia that is intended to show visitors something of the lives of the ordinary people of this community from the middle of the nineteenth century. Most items on display were donated by local families.

To explore the museum’s online collection click HERE.

A LETTER TO THE EDITOR FROM  “LEFT-TENANT” FRED HUTCHINGS

NOTE: On 10 November 1917 a letter from Sapper Herbert  Frederick  (Fred) Hutchings was published in the Moruya Examiner. Fred was a local boy from Bergalia where his father was a farmer and the manager of the Cheese Factory. He enlisted in October 1915 at the age of 27. Fred’s service record shows that he was 6 feet 1 inches tall, had blue eyes and brown hair.

By the time this letter was written, on 26 August 1917, Fred had transferred from the Light Horse to the 1st Field Squadron Engineers (June 1917).

The post features photographs that Fred Hutchings took while in Egypt and Palestine, as well as scans of postcards that he bought as souvenirs. These photos and cards are found in the Fred Hutchings Collection at the Moruya Museum.

FRED

In the first paragraph of the letter Fred Hutchings gives us a glimpse of his sense of humour. He makes it clear that he is not a Lieutenant but rather he is a “left-tenant” with

Sir,- A friend sent me a clipping of the “Examiner” some time ago, on which Private Kevans finds grievous fault with a letter written by me some time last year. It was highly interesting and amusing to me as he was laboring under a grave error. Whose fault it is I can hardly say. He imagines that I am a Lieutenant. Well I am not! But I am a “left-tenant” and I pay the rent too so the landlady is satisfied.

One of the themes in Fred’s letter  is that being a Mounted Engineer was not as easy as it sounded. He acknowledges that his life as a lighthorseman and now mounted engineer in Egypt and Palestine is not as not as difficult as that of the infantry in the trenches of France. At the same time, he stresses that horses are demanding and sometimes difficult animals.

And as far as the Australian infantry in France goes I don’t know what sort of a spin they get. If it’s anything like the Imperials get here I don’t envy them. I’m a lighthorseman – or at least I was – until a few months ago, then I transferred to the Mounted Engineers. I can well imagine dismounted men envying the mounted. Still I know many mounted men who would sooner be among the infantry, but are unable to transfer from their units. Horses require a lot of attention, so does the saddlery. Just imagine yourself camped on the sea beach and endeavouring to keep your stirrup irons and buckles bright, and your leather work in good order. At other times you find yourself camped five or six miles from water. That means two trips a day, 20 miles just for water alone. Mounted units mean plenty of work, and sometimes the horses are very cranky, and they kick mighty hard too. I should know because I’m in hospital now through a severe contact on the shin with the extremity of a horse’s leg.

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Nurses at the 14th Australian General Hospital at Abbassia on the outskirts of Cairo. Fred was sent to this hospital after the “severe contact on the shin with the extremity of a horse’s leg”. This photo can be found on the first page of Fred’s 1917 diary . The diary is also in the MDHS Collection
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Horses of the 2nd Lighthorse Brigade at Urgani
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Even though Fred wrote about the attention that the horses needed, the ‘country boy from Bergalia’ must have been upset at the sight of these dead horses killed following a bombing raid on the 3rd Light Horse Brigade.   MDHS Collection

Fred briefly touched on some of the sights that he saw during his service. His time in Palestine obviously triggered memories from bible stories and his old history books.

After the stunt at Marjar last year the regiment had a few weeks at the canal, then we went out on the Sinai desert and gradually worked up the coast to Gaza in Palestine. This took us nine months and during that time I never missed a day. Palestine is a very interesting place, the old crusaders had a great fancy for it. Quite a lot of their work may be seen yet, and the old biblical celebrities did some mighty wonders too, but that’s another story.

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The Mount of Temptation overlooking the Jordan Valley
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A mosque
Crusaders church
Crusaders’ Church, Khan Yunis

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Fred also writes about the troop’s “summer fashions” in the heat of the desert.

This summer fashion with us when in camp was “shorts” and a hat, of course we nearly all wore shirts and boots as well, because the sand and dirt would burn too much without some covering, but we did without as much as possible.

Jim Sounders
Trooper James Munro (Jim) Saunders –
2nd & 6th Regiments, Light Horse Brigade
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Signallers, 6th Regiment Light Horse Brigade

I’m not aware that I made such a rash statement as to say that woolen sox could not be worn in Egypt. We always wear them, unless we are in camp, then we probably have neither boots nor sox on

Like any soldier Fred Hutchings thought about food – or the lack of it!

Speaking of “scram”, I may say that for the last nine months’ campaign we’ve not had “bully” and biscuits at any one time for more than a week. Sometimes the issue rations are not too good, still we are never in a place long enough before we can supplement our larder from the A.I.F., E.E.F., or Y.M.C.A. canteens. It requires cash, but what of that. We get 10 piastres per day – if we’re good and obedient.

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Clever marketing or the Aussie seal of approval? The restaurant’s name is the “NEW BELGIUM ARMENIAN RESTAURANT – THIS JOINT IS FAIR DINKUM” – Fred Hutchings Collection, MDHS

I am, yours truly.
SAPPER H. F. HUTCHINGS
26/8/1917