Araluen, 1901 – A Town in Transition
What do you think of the tranquil Araluen Valley in 2013?
When you drive down the sleepy Araluen valley these days it’s almost impossible to believe there was once a five kilometre stretch of businesses along the valley floor. But thanks to the gold-rush, Araluen in 1870 was a thriving town.
In this post I have provided two snapshots of Araluen. The first is a series of facts from the 1860-1870s period when Araluen was at the height of its alluvial gold rush. The second is a report in the Moruya Exminer of November, 1901. The alluvial gold had long gone but dredging had begun, reviving hopes for a strong economic future.
The Gold Rush – Araluen in the 1860’s and 1870s
In the 1860s and 70s Araluen was booming with over 4000 people in the valley, and a reputation of being one of the richest goldfields in Australia. Gold worth almost $1 million per month in today’s values was being taken from the mines.
In the 1860s there were as many as 20 pubs on the fields, which contributed to the disordliness of those wild and reckless days. By the 70s some 20 butcher shops, plus general stores, bakers, shoemakers, blacksmiths, other merchants and a small number of churches served the needs of the population.
The town was so big there were six districts or mini-suburbs:
- Upper Araluen
- Crown Flats
Each suburb had at least one general store, baker, shoemaker, blacksmith and bank. There were around 20 butchers and 26 hotels.
The 1871 Census shows the population for Araluen was much larger than that of braidwood or Majors creekand surrounding areas as following:
Braidwood Approx. 1200
Jembaicumbene Approx. 840
Majors Creek Approx. 1100
Araluen Approx. 3240
Rest Of County About 3000
However in the account below, published in the Moruya Examiner of November 1st, 1901, the correspondent writes of a town still busy, although not as frantic as in the gold rush days. It is worth remarking that the correspondent noted the fact that that there were ‘ two hotels’ – well before noting the number of churches or schools. This is nowhere near the ’20 pubs on the fields’ back in the busy 1860’s.
Our Araluen Correspondent writes
No doubt some of our townspeople would like to know how we are getting on down here, as I am sure that in the prosperous early days of the valley, many of them were here to seek their fortunes. Well, the valley is the self same place as of old but things seem to be a little more prosperous since we got the dredgers located in our midst which have knocked the old fossicking days on the head.
Now I will give you a short sketch of Araluen today. To begin with, we have two hotels, one at Redbank and the other at Newtown. There are also four stores at Redbank and one at Newtown. Two at Redbank belong to one person and a Chinese Company carries on business in the third. At Newtown the business is carried on by the owner of the two stores at Redbank.
There is one blacksmith’s shop, conducted by the old warrior Mr J. Curren and Son. Two bootmakers attend to our uppers and souls (sic), leather I mean. We have a neat Post Office and a Police Station with two constables in charge. Mr Carlyle keeps the Chemistry. Dr Quinn is the medical practitioner here. Mr Edward Smith carries on the butchery in his usual style.
We have three churches but only one resident clergyman, the Reverend Father Baugh. We have a convent school conducted by the St. Joseph Sisters and two public schools, one at Redbank and the other at Burketown. We have two public halls, one, the “Federal”, at Redbank, the other, “Perseverance Hall”, at Newtown.
We have seven dredges in a radius of ten miles of the town and I hear it is contemplated to erect three more in the near future.
Now you have a small sketch of what we possess. Later, I will give you an account of our wants.
1 November, 1901