Education in Advertising

In yesterday’s post on this blog there were frequent references to the Brooks’s Reader series in Bob Colefax’s autobiography.

A quick search of TROVE brought to light the following advertisement of thee Brooks’s texts of the time. Although the advertisement is from 1905 and Bob Colefax didn’t start school until 1910 the books would have been exactly the same.

The advertisement featured in The Children’s Newspaper, 28 September, 1899 on page 19.

The Children's Newspaper 28 September, 1899, page 19

The Children’s Newspaper
28 September, 1899, page 19

Education in Magazines

The Australian Woman’s Weekly is now on Trove and is a wonderful resource if you are investigating the social history of particular period of time.

The following editorial featured in the April, 1948 edition ( Saturday 10 April 1948, page 18). Click on the link to the edition and the whole magazine will be available- a fascinating read!)

It was written because April, 1948 marked the centenary of public education in Australia. I  wasn’t surprised to read that smaller classes and school halls were goals in 1948. Some things just do not change.

The final paragraph is quite strong and just as relevant today.

In a world that needs enlightened and balanced citizens so urgently, the public, as well as teachers, should take an intense interest in the Canberra conference.

The Australian Women's Weekly Editorial April, 1948

The Australian Women’s Weekly Editorial
April, 1948

 To read the entire magazine (a fascinating read) click here.

To search through all complete editions of this magazine from 1933 to 1978 please click here.

Education in Newspapers – Quotes

Another search of Trove very quickly came up with the following two quotes about education.

The first is from the Cairns Post, 21 March 1931, page 11.  To see the article on Trove click here.

1931_ CairnsPost

What sculpture is to a block of marble,
education is to an human soul.


Education – a debt due from pre-
sent to future generations.

The second quote is from the Horsham Times , 29 October, page 7. To see the article click here.

Don’t forget that one of the aims of this blog is for it to be as interactive as possible. Please add your recollections, or those of family members to the ‘Leave a Reply’ section below.

Education Week

Education Week has been showcasing  the achievements of our inspirational teachers, staff, students, Parents & Citizens Associations and community members in New South Wales for many years.

Celebrating our stories‘, the theme of  2013 Education Week, provides a great opportunity for our Society to celebrate achievements in this field by sharing some of the wonderful memories of education in our district.

We will attempt to do that from a number of perspectives over the course of the week –

  • from that of a student who began school at Moruya Public in 1910;
  • an account of an exceptionally gifted teacher at one of our district’s small, now-closed schools;
  • through anecdotes of schooling – the old punishment books spring immediately to mind; and
  • the contrasting of the many original schools in the area to their modern counterparts, with their modern facilities and associated technologies.

A Student’s Perspective

“… a pupil of Moruya Public School, a time which stands prominent in my memory as providing some of the happiest days of my life
A. V. (Bob) Colefax
Student 1910-1915

The first celebration of education this week is taken from a document  An Autobiography by Aubrey Verner “Bob” Colefax, edited by his son Jolyon Colefax. The first chapter Recollections of My Days At The Moruya Public School  details Bob’s obvious love of his school days and real respect for his teachers there.

As an educator I find his recollections fascinating. While curriculum content and methodology have changed considerably over time there are real constants.

Children’s unswerving belief in “fairness’;  their appreciation of teachers who have high expectations of their abilities; and, above all –  the ability of quality educators to make a real difference are just three of these constants that are obvious throughout the memoirs.

The Curriculum and High Expectations:

In second class we encountered Brooks Second Reader. My contemporaries may recall the first story, Miss Cloud and Miss Sunbeam. The book continued with a wonderfully varied selection of stories old and new, poetry and general knowledge items embracing a wide field. At the top of each lesson there was printed a list of words culled from that lesson, whose spelling had to be memorised as we progressed through the book.

Miss Cloud and Miss Sunbeam

Miss Cloud and Miss Sunbeam

While I am not a contemporary of Bob Colefax I certainly remember Miss Cloud and Miss Sunbeam from my early schooling in Queensland.

Throughout the memoirs Mr Colefax outlines the curriculum for each grade.

In third class we made big advances. In arithmetic we did advanced exercises in sums involving money and weights and measures. We also did the full works in vulgar fractions, that is in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. This included calculation of the least common multiple and the highest common factor.

From fourth class “we sharply ascended to impressive levels, progressively to fifth, sixth and seventh classes, the latter two classes having been created by Mr Egan”.

Here we went forward from elementary algebra to simultaneous equations, from simple practical geometry, to the first seven theorems of Euclid, and to stocks and shares, compound interest, and compound proportion. We covered most phases of geography.


The famed Brook’s Fifth Reader

Mr Colefax goes on to say:

Brook’s Fifth Reader was a wonderful aid. It provided a mixed bag in the poetry lessons such as Banjo Paterson’s Clancy of the Overflow; Robbie Burn’s Ballard of East and West……..Grey’s Elegy in a Country Churchyard; Coleridge’s Kublai Khan and the Ancient Mariner………”

Quality teachers and High Expectations

Mr Colefax obviously had an enormous level of respect and admiration for his teachers – particularly for Mr Edward Joseph Egan or the Prince of Pedagogues as Bob refers to him as. His time as head of Moruya Public is referred to as The Golden Age of Education. Mr Egan was appointed as headmaster in 1913 and taught Bob Colefax in Grades 5-7.

…His methods were original and unorthodox and such as to inspire enthusiasm and rivalry in most of his pupils. He took us beyond the set syllabus, although the standards set for the syllabus were not low. When I sat for the bursary, the English paper contained a long, involved passage for parsing and analysis. Fortunately we were all highly trained in this subject. In the Geography paper we had to draw a map of the Balkan peninsula and show the position of twelve named towns.

It is obvious from the memoirs that Mr Egan had a real gift for inspiring his students:

Mr Egan was a Shakespeare fanatic. At times he would break into an oration on the immortal bard, and get quite carried away with the subject, while the more impressive of us would become similarly immersed…..
Mr Egan was also a great Dickens lover…..I remember Mr Egan once being fired with oratory on the life and character of Sydney Carton from The Tale of Two Cities.  Almost in tears himself, he had some of us with tears beginning to well when he quoted:

“It is a far better thing I do, than I have ever done…”


Sydney Carton climbing the steps to the guillotine in A Tale of Two Cities

The success of Mr Egan’s inspired teaching was apparent:

Year after year, without fail, bursaries and scholarships were gained under his guidance. Four of my own family, including myself, won bursaries tenable at Sydney High School…..

……Following are some of the winners of bursaries gained under Mr Egan’s tuition: Myrtle Colefax, myself, Charlotte Louttit, Grace Mathews, Tom Cooper, Norman Parbery, Alan Louttit, Phil Annett, Alan (Tom) Colefax, and Gordon Colefax….

One of the most highly-prized qualities in a teacher is fairness – all children have an innate sense of justice. It was as important in Mr Colefax’s day as it is today. It is clear in the memoirs that Mr Egan was strict but very fair.

It was a painful experience to be caned by him. He used the handle end of a feather duster, and each stroke was delivered with a full blooded, well-timed, follow through, no doubt derived from his effective stroking with the bat in cricket.

This strictness, seen as fair was accepted, is in contrast to another head

I am told that he would mete out all kinds of punishments to children who had a natural difficulty in learning, and for other shortcomings as well. He made pets of the bright ones, and made scapegoats of the dull ones.

Last words about Mr Egan:

We held him in such high reverence and esteem, that it would have been like sacrilege to call him anything but Mr Egan.

This autobiography gives us a real insight into the district’s social history. The chapter that deals with Mr Colefax’s time at Moruya Public School  is only one of 15 fascinating chapters which are full of wonderful insights.

School was definitely not all hard work. You will need to read the full chapter to discover the arcane rules of marbles, the exploits of the boys and the sporting prowess of some of the children. Local gossip of the time is also referred to.

If you are interested in gaining a deeper insight into life in Moruya at the beginning of the 20th century this autobiography is an excellent starting point.

As far as ‘pure history’ is  concerned, this section of the autobiography, like any autobiography,  must be regarded as a valuable primary source in that it provide’s one man’s perspective on his early schooling years.

The full autobiography is at the museum in the original form as well as later copies. Articles about Bob Colefax have appeared in past issues of the society’s journals.

To go to the Journal’s index please click here.

In addition, there are quite a few other articles and publications on education in the surrounding district. The latest Journal includes an article  ‘Kiora Kids (3)’ by Shirley Jurmann. ( Note: The photograph on the header of this post, and below  is of Kiora Public School in 1885.

Kiora PS in 1885

Kiora PS in 1885

Further comments

If you have any family anecdotes about schools or education please add them in the comment section. Remember that on some screens you may need to click on the tile and that will take you to a slightly different, complete version of the post.

For Your Diary

images-5The AGM of our society is at 10am on Wednesday 14 August.

The meeting will be held in the meeting room behind the museum.

Prior to the meeting we will have a brief presentation by Christine Greig Adams on Moruya Granite Quarry – ‘Moruya’s Golden Years’.

After the meeting please join us for a cup of tea, a chat and a sandwich.

We look forward to seeing you at the meeting and the following morning tea.

The committee

Moruya Granite Quarry

The granite quarry – a focal point of “Moruya’s Golden Years’.

Everyone would be aware that today was SAGE’s  South East Harvest festival in Moruya. This festival showcased the richness and diversity of locally grown produce.

Moruya and the surrounding districts have long been associated with agriculture.

An account of the very early days of European land use in the area can be found in William Bayley’s Behind Broulee(1978). The book has been serialised in the society’s quarterly Journal.

Journal articles from the book that are most relevant to the district’s early agricultural industry are:

Chapter 4     Early growth          September, 2002; and
Chapter 8     Pastoral Development  December 2004.

This book is available for purchase from the MDHS on CD for $25 (including postage) while back orders of the journal are available for purchase for $4 each.

Beyond Broulee Page 21

Beyond Broulee
Page 21

The excerpt above, while clearly illustrating the difficulties that the early settlers faced also outlines the increasing potential of the district as an agricultural centre.  As the excerpt mentions, everyone grew potatoes in the early days – particularly on the Mullenderree flats and around Tuross, Bodalla and surrounding areas.

With the amount of wheat grown there was a flour mill at Gundary. One of the millstones in the front of the Museum shed is from that mill. To find out more about the mill please read the following Journal article:

The Millstone From Gundary Ridge   June, 2008 

The earliest farming took place north of the Moruya River. In 1828 Francis Flanagan took up land locally, constructing his home two kilometres north of modern Moruya, at the site of Mullenderee. His ‘Shannon View’ house is pictured below.

Early drawing (1850) of Shannon View Estate Mitchell Library, Sydney

Early drawing (1850) of Shannon View Estate
Mitchell Library, Sydney

Other MDHS publications on this topic that may be of interest are:

Milk and Cheese, Eurobodalla’s Dairy Industry     $8
Pictures from the Past :  An album of old photographs of Moruya and District $10
Life on The Moruya River by John Sewell     $12

For a full list of MDHS publications click here

For a full index of MDHS Journal articles click here

Opening of the Moruya Cheese Factory in 1892

Opening of the Moruya Cheese Factory in 1892

Arbour Day

Many of us would have memories of tree plantings and gardening at school each Arbour Day. This tradition is being continued to this day with National Schools Tree Day being held on the last Friday of July for schools. Arbour Day itself has a long history. England, France and the United States all have strong traditions in this area and this practice of tree-planing ceremonies at schools became popular in the Australian colonies in the late 1800’s.

The 114 year-old tree at Toongabbie PS

The 114 year-old tree at Toongabbie PS

As it is National Tree Day (schools) and National Tree Day on Sunday , now is a good time to look at the history of the day and the way it has developed.

The first colony to officially proclaim Arbour Day was South Australia on 20 June, 1889. The very precise, regimental details of the way Arbour Day was to be run is detailed in the South Australian Register of 20 June, 1889.

The Adelaide children start with a great flourish of trumpets from Victoria Square. Each school will be preceded by its band. The singers go before, the planters— who are to be decorated with rosettes— follow after. When the procession arrives on the ground the elect children, who are to plant trees, will be separated from their less favoured brethren. The schools’ will be divided into ‘squads’ —the planting squad and the non-planting squad. The planting squad is to be arranged with dae care — one child to each hole. It may be hoped that a certain amount of fitness will be observed, and that every square hole will a command the attendance of a square child. When the word is given, the trees will be planted, a great celebration will be over, and the children of the schools will have received a lesson on the value of arboriculture.

I am not sure what the parents of the children in the non-planting squads thought!

In New South Wales, the first official Arbour Day was inaugurated for the school children by Lord Carrington (the Governor of the colony) at Ryde School on 16 July, 1890. Lord Carrington was accompanied by Lady Carrington. A full record of this occasion is in the The Maitland Mercury & Hunter River Advertiser 19 July, 1890

Lord Carrington

Lord Carrington

The oldest known surviving tree from that first 1890 Arbour Day planting is a brush box gum at Toongabbie Public School. This tree is still thriving and is huge.

While not all schools took part in the initial 1890 Arbour Day, by 1891 the Education Department of NSW proclaimed 21 August as the official Arbour Day for all schools. In those colonial times each colony embraced the idea of Arbour Day, and it was held on different dates – depending upon season and climate.

In the Brisbane Courier of 6 June,1890 in a weekly summary of the news – Summary For Europe, the lead, lengthy article was on the need for ‘forest conservacy’.

It is high time that this colony took some further steps, not only in the direction of conserving the natural forests of the country, but also in replenishing the half-exhausted timber districts with new trees.
Hon. C Powers
Postmaster-General, Queensland

The article then states the important role that Arbour Day has in beautifying the colony.

In the Brisbane Courier of 14 December,1891 an early article sets out the ways, particularly in rural schools, that Botany was being effectively taught through initiatives such as  Arbour Day. One person was pleased the the children of the public schools were reciving education in Botany but he questioned whether they would stand up to an exam on it!

The article goes on to mention that some suburban schools even had ‘kitchen gardens’ with people coming into the schools to teach the children how to grow, prepare and cook the produce.  A colonial Stephanie Alexander perhaps?

There is little really new in education after all!  And some attitudes and values towards public education haven’t changed.

A poem led an article on Arbour Day in The West Australian of 19 May, 1906

“Plant trees, for he who plants a tree
Plants rest and love;
For earth shall aid him in his work,
And heaven above.
His labour its own reward shall be,
For those who eat its fruit, or rest
beneath its cooling shade,
Shall bless the hand that planted there
a tree.”
-Florence A Hayes.

In the The West Australian  of Friday 27 July 1906 it is reported that lollies were given out to the school children of Perth.


Arbour Day was obviously an exciting event in Hanson as it was ‘en fete’.
en fete

Arbour Day Celebrations

Arbour Day Celebrations

However, an article in The Sydney Morning Herald of 5 January 1914 states that Arbour Day wasn’t being celebrated in New South Wales with as much enthusiasm as the other parts of the world:

Arbour Day is not celebrated in this State with the same enthusiasm as in other parts of the world where the movement has been accorded general recognition.Teachers have occasionally interested their scholars in tree plantlng, but the material results have been small. It is possible that great advantage might accrue if an appreciation and under- standing of the value of ornamental tree planting were inculcated in young minds. For of ornamental trees we have much to learn, as anybody may see by noticing how we leave bare and ugly streets and roads which, might be avenued in greenery, and how even some of our reserves in the suburbs aud country towns are too often gaunt and grim when they might be made beautiful by the addition of trees.

the article is also quite critical of some suburbs and country towns because of the lack of trees:

The ugliness of most country towns is a familiar complaint of travellers. The spirit of civic pride is at work in some of them, Albury and Bathurst being notable examples of those that have gone in for beautifying enterprises, and found them to bo a remunerative investment of energy. There is no reason why the average country town should be destitute of beauty, why It should bo barren of colour and charm, why its atmosphere should bo so dreary and depressing.The transformation that can be effected by the planting of trees alone is marvellous. There are several townships that have of late years been brightened and beautified in this way, but there are not nearly enough of them.

National Schools Tree Day is now held on the last Friday of July for schools and National Tree Day the last Sunday in July throughout Australia.

It’s Grand Designs meets Country House Rescue when a historic Presbyterian manse on the New South Wales South Coast is researched and restored by leading conservation architect Peter Freeman.

The book’s cover

One of the great attractions of the Eurobodalla area is the wonderful built heritage that exists and is still being used today – heritage that includes homes, public buildings, farmhouses and simple sheds. This built heritage reflects building styles from many periods – colonial, federation, arts and crafts and art deco.

What is truly wonderful, on many levels, is seeing some of our local heritage being restored to its former glory. And perhaps even better than the  restoration itself is to have a book about the journey of the restoration of a real part of Moruya’s history – the former Presbyterian Manse –  from being an endangered house to a beautiful, functional home.

Beautifully produced, The Wallpapered Manse by well known heritage architect Peter Freeman, chronicles the events that fashioned the manse, built in 1865 in Moruya, and shares the step-by-step process of restoring a dilapidated historic building. We are shown the detailed restoration of an Australian historic house.

About the book

The chapters of the book chart a fascinating journey through time. They include:

‘ … Certain Presbyterians on the Moruya River’ 1838–1862
‘ … A Commodious Manse including a Water Tank’ 1862–1865
The Manse in 1865
‘ … Long Years of Faithful Ministerial Labour’ 1863–1916
The Manse in 1916
‘ … Was the Going Too Tough?’ 1916–1956
The Manse in 1956
‘ … A Cold House with Blue Wallpaper’ 1956–2009
‘ … A Long Love Affair with Wallpaper’ 2010–2012
Rescuing an Endangered House

Having seen some of the rescued wallpaper I am particularly interested in reading the two chapters about the wallpaper.

If you know of anyone interested in the Eurobodalla area, or in history, architecture, art or a plain ‘good read’ this beautifully produced book is highly recommended. While the release date has not as yet been finalised, discounted pre-orderspre-orders are now being taken. The book will be formally launched at Moruya Books in November and will definitely be available by Christmas. A perfect gift!

About pre-publication purchase

For pre-publication purchase at $26 (GST included), please make online payments to Peter Freeman Pty Ltd BSB 012517 Acct 249737075 or by cheque to Peter Freeman PO Box 1007 Moruya NSW 2537

About the project
• The manse restoration project was funded by the Endangered Houses Fund of Sydney Living Museums.
• The book was supported by Sydney Living Museums, Sydney Living Museums Members and Your Community Heritage Grants from the
federal government.
• Highly Commended in the NSW National Trust Awards 2013 (as a pre-publication)

About the Author
For over fifty years Peter Freeman has been involved in conservation architecture research and sketching. He is the author of twelve books on Australian architecture including The Woolshed: A Riverina Anthology and The Homestead: A Riverina Anthology.


One of the wallpapers in detail. Note the newspaper

The restored Manse, Evans Street, Moruya

The restored Manse, Evans Street Moruya

Do you have any memories of the Manse? Do you have any images that you would like to share with the MDHS? If so, please use the comment box at the foot of the post.

Do you have any local buildings that you admire and would like to see featured on this blog? If so, please let us know by adding a comment.

Note: If you can’t see the comment box at the bottom of the post you may need to click on the heading of the post and this will take you to a new screen with the complete post and a comment box at the bottom. Different sized screens display differently.


Does anyone else have their grandmother’s handwritten and much-loved recipes? And being 100% honest, does anyone use their old family recipes? To begin with, they’re usually in a old book in the back of a kitchen cupboard or in a box of old papers hidden away. In my case the handwriting is so faded that it is almost impossible to read. Or frustratingly, the recipe for the pastry for my Nan’s Neenish Tarts exists but the recipe for the filling is missing! I know that I could find a similar one on the net but it just would nor be the same.

I am sure that everyone has memories, probably from childhood, of foods that are not being cooked anymore. Those foods evoke very personal memories of other times, places and people.For me a taste of a good sponge cake is enough to hurtle me back to my Nan’s kitchen in Lismore while gooseberry jam sends me right back to my great-grandmother’s kitchen in Ballina. What I don’t understand is how people created such wonderful food in such basic kitchens – without the blenders, ovens and microwaves that we take for granted. How ‘light-as-a-feather’ sponges emerged from slow combustion Rayburns is beyond me.

To find the recipes that would have been used I turned to TROVE. Trove is a fantastic resource to help us discover how people lived in past years. Now that complete newspapers and some magazines are available to read on line you can gain a great snapshot of the social history of the time.

TROVE is far richer than a series of Births, Deaths and Marriages. At the same time as researching the recipes of yesterday I was able to see what people wore, what goods were being advertised at that time and importantly, what were the big events of the day – at an international, federal and state level – or in the case of the earlier papers, the colonial level.

I had a wander through Trove wondering if I could find a few old recipes that might work for the modern Australian palate. There are few that seem quite contemporary, or at least retro! Click on the links to go to the actual article.

1. Puree of PeaThe Capricornian, Rockhampton, August 10, 1889

RECIPES: Retrievedfrom

Okay substitute cooktop for ‘fire’ and put in a blender instead of ‘rubbing through a sieve’ but this seems totally doable for the home chef. It’s not all that far from a pea puree recipe from Nigella Lawson that is delicious served with lightly seared scallops

Note: This is the first recipe that I have encountered with ‘ peck’ being an actual measurement

2. Tomato JamSunday Times, Perth, April 11. 1937

The WORLD of WOMEN: Retrieved from

Mmmm… Sunday brunch – eggs and bacon with a spicy tomato jam. I know that Neil Perry uses red wine vinegar instead of lemons to give his jam a little acidic bite but all the key ingredients are there. I’m excited about this recipe. Thank you Mrs Homes for sending this to the Sunday Times in Perth, I bet you had no idea that it would still be being used some 75 years on.

There is also a good recipe for quince honey on the same page. Definitely worth a try using the quinces now being sold at the Moruya markets.

3. Apple-almond turnoversThe Australian Woman’s Weekly, August 22,1956

PRIZE RECIPE : Retrieved from

Admittedly these are more than a little retro but if apple turnovers are back on the menu for Adriano Zumba then that’s good enough for me. Providing you can get the pastry right there will be a definite yum factor.

4. Chocolate-nut merigues The Australian Woman’s Weekly, January 29, 1975, P62

PRIZE RECIPE: Retrieved from

I can just see these on the front of a magazine, served with a raspberry coulis and dusted with cocoa powder. And the amazing thing is how small the short the list of ingredients is – it almost makes me a little skeptical about whether it will work. And more to the point… does Mrs Peake of Pymble mean ‘mixed nuts’ instead of ‘mixed fruit’?

5. Lamingtons The Queenslander, Brisbane, January 4, 1902 , p. 30 Supplement: Unknown

COOKERY: Retrieved from

Finally, I can’t end this post without a mention of the great Australian cake, the lamington – the recipe apparently remains unchanged for a at least 112 years. This is the earliest recipe I can find in Trove.

I know there’s plenty more out there, particularly in the Australian Women’s Weekly but I the ones above are some that grabbed my attention!

Do you have any favourite family recipes? Or can you remember much-loved food from years ago? If you do please tell us about them in the comment section below.

And we thought our family trees are sometimes very complicated!
I am never going to complain again.

Chris has started the ball rolling here. Are there any other thoughts/ Time? Location? It would be great to get as much information as possible. Please add any thoughts/ inspirations into a comment so that we can add to our pool of knowledge

In the latest issue of The Federation of Australian Historical Societies e-Bulletin (No. 112 – 25 June 2013) we have been notified of the latest additions to the Trove newspaper collection.
The National Library of Australia has announced that issues of the following digitised newspapers to Trove, and further issues will become available shortly.

The Cobargo Chronicle, P3
Friday, 24 March, 1899

Carcoar Chronicle , P2
Monday, 19 March, 1894

New South Wales:
Adelong and Tumut Express and Tumbarumba Post (NSW: 1900 – 1925)*
Arrow (Sydney, NSW: 1916 – 1933)*
The Bega Budget (NSW: 1905 – 1921)*
The Bega Gazette and County of Auckland Advertiser (NSW: 1865) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.
The Bega Gazette and Eden District or Southern Coast Advertiser (NSW: 1865 – 1899) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
The Burrowa News (NSW: 1874 – 1951)*
The Campbelltown Herald (NSW: 1880 – 1919)*
The Carcoar Chronicle (NSW: 1863 – 1943)*
The Catholic Press (NSW: 1895 – 1942)*
The Cobar Herald (NSW : 1899 – 1914)*
The Cobargo Chronicle (NSW: 1898 – 1944) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
The Corowa Chronicle (NSW: 1905 – 1928)*
Daily Observer (Tamworth, NSW: 1917 – 1920)*
Democrat (Lithgow, NSW: 1915 – 1916)*
Eden Free Press and Eden District Advertiser (NSW: 1899) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Examiner (Kiama, NSW: 1859 – 1862) (Digitisation was supported by Kiama Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Freeman’s Journal (Sydney, NSW: 1850 – 1932)*
Gilgandra Weekly (NSW: 1915 – 1929) (Digitisation was supported by Gilgandra Shire Council, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Globe (Sydney, NSW : 1885 – 1887)
Goulburn Herald (NSW : 1860 – 1864)
The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (NSW: 1848 – 1859)
The Independent (Deniliquin, NSW: 1901 – 1946) *
Kiama Examiner (NSW: 1858 – 1859) (Digitisation was supported by Kiama Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Kiama Reporter (NSW: 1886 – 1887)
Labor News (Sydney, NSW: 1918 – 1924)*
The Land (Sydney, NSW: 1911 – 1954)*
Leader (Orange, NSW: 1912 – 1922) (Digitisation was supported by Central West Libraries, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government Country Libraries fund and the State Library of NSW.)
The Mirror of Australia (Sydney, NSW: 1915 – 1917)*
Molong Argus (NSW : 1909 – 1921) (Digitisation was supported by Central West Libraries, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government Country Libraries fund and the State Library of NSW.)
Molong Express and Western District Advertiser (NSW: 1912 – 1922) (Digitisation was supported by Central West Libraries, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government Country Libraries fund and the State Library of NSW.)
The Newcastle Argus and District Advertiser (NSW: 1916)*
The Newsletter: an Australian Paper for Australian People (Sydney, NSW: 1900 -1918)*
The Northern Daily Leader (Tamworth, NSW: 1921)*
The Peak Hill Express (NSW: 1902 – 1952)*
The Port Macquarie News and Hastings River Advocate (NSW: 1882 – 1950)*
The Queanbeyan Leader (NSW: 1905 – 1916)*
Reporter and Illawarra Journal (Kiama, NSW: 1887 – 1894)
The Shoalhaven News, Nowra (NSW: 1937)*
Southern Argus (Goulburn, NSW: 1881 – 1885) (Digitisation supported by Goulburn Mulwaree Council, Upper Lachlan Shire Council, Yass Valley Council, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Southern Morning Herald (NSW: 1920 -1923) (Digitisation supported by Goulburn Mulwaree Council, Upper Lachlan Shire Council, Yass Valley Council, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Twofold Bay and Maneroo Observer (NSW: 1860 – 1899) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Twofold Bay Telegraph (NSW: 1860) (Digitisation was supported by Bega Valley Shire Library, Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Wagga Wagga Advertiser (NSW: 1874 – 1905) (Digitisation was supported by Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga City Council, The Daily Advertiser and the Wagga Wagga & District Historical Society.)
Wagga Wagga Advertiser and Riverine Reporter (NSW: 1868 – 1874) (Digitisation supported by Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga City Council, The Daily Advertiser and the Wagga Wagga & District Historical Society.)
Wagga Wagga Express and Murrumbidgee District Advertiser (NSW: 1858 – 1875) (Digitisation was supported by the Wagga Wagga & District Family History Society.)
Werriwa Times and Goulburn District News (NSW: 1901) (Digitisation was supported by Goulburn Mulwaree Council, Upper Lachlan Shire Council, Yass Valley Council, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
Western Herald (NSW: 1896 – 1970) (Digitisation was supported by Bourke Shire Council, the Library Council of NSW, the NSW Government and the State Library of NSW.)
* Digitisation of these titles has been supported by the State Library of NSW as part of the Digital Excellence Program, funded by the NSW Government.
Gippsland Guardian (Vic: 1855 – 1868) (Digitisation was supported by Wellington Shire Council, Wellington Shire Heritage Network and Gippsland Prospectors and Miners.)
North Melbourne Courier and West Melbourne Advertiser (Vic: 1895 – 1913) Digitisation supported by Melbourne Library Service.
North Melbourne Gazette (Vic: 1894 – 1901) (Digitisation was supported by Melbourne Library Service.)
The Record and Emerald Hill and Sandridge Advertiser (Vic: 1872 – 1881) (Digitisation was supported by the City of Port Phillip.)
The Telegraph, St Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (Vic : 1866 – 1888) (Digitisation supported by the Malvern Historical Society, Prahran Historical & Arts Society, St Kilda Historical Society and Stonnington History Centre.)
The Yarragon, Trafalgar & Moe Settlement News (Vic: 1902 – 1922) (Digitisation supported by the Trafalgar & District Historical Society, the Victorian Government and Public Record Office Victoria.)
Western Australia:
The Herald (Fremantle, WA: 1867 – 1886) Digitisation was supported by Fremantle City Library.