Cigarette and trade cards were a form of advertising card issued between the 19th century to the present day to promote goods or services. They were often distributed by merchants or enclosed with products such as bread, cigarettes, coffee and chocolate. Cards often bear the sellers or product name and a pictorial representation of the service or product. In other cases the picture may be unrelated to the product.

In 1898 Henry Herbert Wills visited Australia which led to the establishment of W.D. & H.O. Wills (Australia) Ltd. in 1900.

At about the same time as Australia produced its first postage stamp in 1913, the cigarette companies were capitalising on the collecting urge and strengthening customer loyalty with series of cards on a wide range of topics.

Wills’ produced a series of 50 cards on Australian wildflowers, probably in 1913. The cards we have in our museum are those from the second series of the cards that was produced a few years later, this time printed on silk  40 mm x 75 mm, featuring what appear to be the same illustrations of the same species, but with a different number sequence. It has been suggested that silk became cheaper than card due to paper shortages during the First World War.

Front: Card 33 (silk)
: Back: Card 35 backing paper


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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 18 November 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

OUR BOYS – The following is a letter received by Mrs. Jas. O’Connor, of the 7th Field Artillery Brigade. –

Lark Hill
Salisbury Plains
Sept. 27th 1916

Mum Dearest, – Like so many of my letters of late, this will also a bit hurried and short. For the past two days we have been rising at 5 a.m. to train for a very great event in our lives that passed off splendidly today, despite very unfavorable climatic conditions.

Well, Mum, I guess you think it about time that I told you what the event was. Well it was nothing less than being reviewed by the King. Did you ever think, Mum, that your son, born in far distant, but nevertheless beautiful Narooma, would have the honor of seeing and being inspected by the King of England, that worthy gentleman who we have come so far to assist in this the hour of his and his country’s need?

Well, Mum, today about 30,000 Australians were reviewed by him, which is the first and biggest event of its kind (as it was composed of Australians only). At 10 a.m. we were lined up for inspection and at 11 a.m. the King arrived on horseback accompanied by about 30 other gentlemen, all Lords and knights of England. After the Royal Salute was given we were inspected and many were the complimentary remarks passed.

Firstly with his Gracious Majesty’s consent we will have a few remarks about his personal appearance. Standing only about 5ft 2ins. high he has a very pinched and unhealthy facial expression. I am told that he suffers acutely from indigestion, which no doubt, accounts for his appearance. He wears a moustache and half-matured beard of a ginger hue, which to my mind doesn’t enhance his appearance any.

He was mounted on a fine black horse, which was presented to him by the Queensland Government some time ago, and was worth about 4000 guineas.

Editor’s Note: To watch the impressive scenes on Salisbury as King George V reviews Australian troops and decorates Australian heroes of Pozieres click here.

King George V reviewing the Australian troops on Salisbury Plain.

EUCHRE PARTY – A euchre party and dance is being arranged for early next month to raise funds for the purchase of wool for the knitting class managed by the Red Cross workers. All the articles made by this class are to be given to our local soldiers.

WEDDING – A quiet wedding was celebrated in Sydney on October 28, the contracting parties being Alexander Adrian (eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. P. Connelly, “Redbank,” Eurobodalla) and Beatrice Mary (‘Trissie’), only child of the late Thomas Thornton, L. Mus., A. Mus., L.C.M., late of Petersham, And Mrs. Thornton of Bermagui. The bride is the niece of Mr. John Thornton, A.R.C.O., of Bermagui, examiner London College of music.

THE WEATHER – The weather for this time of the year is most unseasonable. On Thursday we were treated to a taste of Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring. The prolonged spell of cold is retarding growth, both in garden and field.

EUROBODALLA SALE – An unreserved clearance sale of the choicest of choice dairy herd will be conducted by W. Rixon on account of Messrs. W. Lavis and Sons at Eurobodalla on Saturday, 25th inst. A team of horses will also be offered.


– That Bateman’s Bayites have just cause to be proud of their wealthy and generous private resident, Mr. D. Forbes Mackay.
– That Mr. Mackay purchased the Sports Ground, alongside the Bateman’s Bay Township, containing 8 acres, and made it a present to the residents as a public Park and Recreation ground; and
– That the “Examiner” asks the Bayites to confer upon it the honor of now christening it the “Mackay Park.”
– That Mr. J. L. Ross, who has been suffering from some time past with an internal trouble, has been successfully operated on in Dr. Jenner’s Hospital in Sydney.

The land in Batemans Bay donated by Mr Mackay is still known as Mackay Park

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 11 November 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

AT THE FRONT – The following short note has been received by his sister from Pte. “Billy” Robinson, late of Bergalia : –

Somewhere in France

My dear Sister, – Just a few lines to let you know I am still in the land of the living, and a lucky boy to be so. I was pleased to hear you enjoyed yourself in Sydney. I was surprised to hear that young McDonald got into double harness. Which one of them was it, do you know? I had a letter from Edie today; she was well. I hear Jim would like to be over here with me. I dare say if he was he would wish he was back on the old Encounter again. I often wonder why some more boys don’t enlist and come and help us here. They must have no heart or else it is as hard as stone. Well my dear sister, you will have to excuse this short note as by gum I hear the bugle calling up the 43rd reinforcement, we will have to go next, so I will say goodbye. I remain your loving brother,

Bill R
P.S. – Remember me to all and tell them I am O.K. and can stand up to some of “Fritz” shells; but when we boys start we give the Germans fair hell on earth; they soon fall to their knees. Don’t be surprised if you hear of me in Berlin before long on the Spree.

EXEMPTION – Mr. William Boot, editor of the Bega “Budget” and a boiling hot Conscriptionist, applied at the Bega Court on Monday for an exemption for his son Edward, as his services were indispensable. Just so!

RIVER DREDGING – The dredge, Antleon, after finishing her work in the Narooma River came round last week and started dredging away the big body of sand that had accumulated in the Moruya River near Garlandtown. This fine sand shifter is under the command of Captain Barton, and it is to be hoped that this popular officer will be allowed to have his way in effectually deepening the channel right up to the public wharf where the sand has accumulated in thousands of tons.

MARRIAGE – Mr. Joseph Lynch and Miss “Tod” Bishop, youngest daughter of Mrs. John Bishop, of Glenduart, both of Mullenderree, were married quietly in the Sacred Heart Church, by Father Conaghan, on last Saturday. The happy couple proceeded to Goulburn by special motor car for their honeymoon. Mr. and Mrs. Lynch are a very worthy couple and they have the “Examiner’s” hearty good wishes for a happy and prosperous future.

Catholic Church
Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Moruya

PRESBYTERIAN FLOWER SHOW AND BAZAAR – This annual event was opened to a good attendance on Thursday afternoon, the interesting ceremony being performed by the Shire President, Councillor Flood. He, in a happy speech, congratulated the stall-holders and wished them every success. The Rev. A. G. Rix also spoke, and said that the object of the event was such as merited giving it most cordial support.

Presbyterian Church, Evans St, Moruya

A.B.C. TEA ROOMS – The Misses E. Corbett and A. Byrne announce by advertisement in this issue that they have opened steaming hot tearooms in Queen Street, where delicious cups of tea and coffee, cakes, and pies all hot, may be had at any hour for the very low price of 6d. The proprietresses are to the manner born in this line of business.

SILO – The first substantial silo built in this district has been erected by Mr. H. E. Simpson on his farm at Mullenderree, and stands out as an ornament and also as a landmark.

Another of the district’s silo’s – this silo is at Neil Davis Reserve, Coila.

WEDDING – At Enmore Tabernacle, Enmore, on October 19th, the Rev. A. E. Illingworth celebrated the marriage of G. A. McDonald, of Maitland, formerly of Moruya, to Agnes, youngest daughter of Agnes and Mrs. Kennedy, of Moruya.

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (



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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 4 November 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society.

THE REFERENDUM – The voting on compulsory service overseas was carried out in Moruya in a quiet and orderly manner on Saturday last.


Yes ………………………………………………………………………        184
No ……………………………………………………………………….         583


Yes ……………………………………………………………………..          124
No ……………………………………………………………………….         243

The great Majority of those who have sons at the war voted “No” in Braidwood on Saturday. In two cases of electors who sons were killed the same vote was recorded.

PRESBYTERIAN FLOWER SHOW – Our Nelligen friends have contributed liberally towards the forthcoming Presbyterian Flower Show, as will be seen by advertisement elsewhere. Entries close with Mr. P. J. Mylott on Wednesday next, 8th inst, and the big event will open at 3 p.m. the following day.

Moruya’s Presbyterian Church

SUDDEN DEATH – On Monday last Mr. Thomas Quinn suddenly collapsed when on his way into town. It appears that Mr. Quinn was driving into Moruya in his sulky, as was his custom. And when passing Mr. John Jeffrey’s residence pulled up to have a chat to Mr. Jeffrey who was near the road fence, and whilst so doing was noticed to suddenly lower his head and bend forward. Mr. Jeffrey rushed to his assistance in order to render first aid, but it was soon evident to him that his efforts were in vain as the patient passed away without a struggle. He leaves two brothers – Michael with whom he resided and William, who married a sister of Mrs. Corbett of this town and now resides at Maitland. Mr. T. Flood, Shire President, and Mr. R. N. Carden, Proprietor of the Royal Hotel, were cousins of the deceased.

A MORUYA NATIVE – Miss Madge, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Harper, formerly of this district, is in receipt of the following from her brother, Chas. A. Harper, A.M.C. written at Durban, S. Africa: –

On Shore, Durban
Natal, S. Africa, 15/6/16

Dearest Madge,
I am writing to mother per same mail, and also sending some papers and views of Durban. This is a very fine place. We went for a route march this morning, about six miles. We then played the “Tommies” football and beat them badly. There are hundreds of them here on their way to German East Africa. Australian troops have no time for them. They call us “cornstalks and pumpkins”.

We marched up to the Town Hall which is a fine place as you will see by the views. All the trains and trams are “double deckers” and are free to Australians. The people show their appreciation of the A.I.F. I am writing this in the Wesley Hall in West St. They serve everyone with free tea and cakes. I am having a “feed” as I am writing. We will stop here until next Tuesday and I suppose we will have leave until then. A friend from the A.M.C. and I were taken to the Zoo in a private car. It is about two miles out. The chap asked us to come for a ride and he took us all around Durban.

I am having the time of my life. The rickshaws are great fun. They are all dressed up with horns and bells, and they took us over three miles for 6d. They are better than cabs. I advise Australia to import some. They would do a good trade. We have been treated absolutely like toffs here.

Sydneyites should be absolutely ashamed of themselves for the manner in which they treat visiting troops there.

Later. – We leave here tonight for Cape Town which is four days around the Cape. I hope we get ashore there, it will be a bit more touring for us.

Charles Harper mentioned visiting the Durban Town Hall in his letter home.

DUCKS EGGS – raise your own ducks for Easter. Settings of eggs from pure-bred prize Aylesbury ducks may be procured at this office at a moderate charge.

An Aylesbury duck

WAGONGA – A resident, friend, writes to say that after late copious rains the Wagonga district is looking lovely and a good season ensured.

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

Before the invention of the gramophone and radio at the turn of the twentieth century, music was a do-it-yourself affair and a very popular form of social entertainment. Everyone was expected to be able to join in – either on an instrument or singing. Yet there was high demand for those who were genuinely musically talented. Skilled instrumentalists and accomplished singers were very desirable for any special event.

POSEY RUSSELL: Moruya district had its fair share of local talent, particularly in female singers. An early popular singer was Miss Elizabeth ‘Posy’ Russell (1851-1905). Born at Kiora, she was the eldest daughter of an English-born father who, as a convict, was originally assigned to John Hawdon, and his Irish-born wife. Posey contributed actively to the district’s musical events for years.

It was said that when Posey sang in Wamban she could be heard downstream at Kiora.


MAUD BATT: Musical life in Moruya improved greatly when, by the late 1890’s, there were musical concerts held once a month in the Mechanics Institute, which had impressive acoustics. Miss Maud Batt (1881-1939) developed her singing talents in Moruya at this time before going on to a modestly successful career in Sydney, where she was frequently the key attraction in ‘concert entertainments of a popular character’.

Maud’s fame was undoubtedly enhanced by her unusual vocal range. Often called a ‘lady baritone’ but more accurately a ‘lady bass’’. She was able to sing songs an octave lower than they had been written. One of her performance favourites was Sweet Genevieve (written 1869, and more recently recorded by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds).



EVA MYLOTT: A contemporary of Maud’s became famous internationally. Eva Mylott (1875-1920) was born to the then owners of much of Tuross Head. Her father was wine and spirit importer Patrick Mylott, and her mother Mary was from the prominent local Heffernan family. Realising the quality of his daughter’s contralto voice, Mylott moved his family and his business to Sydney so his daughter could pursue singing lessons. Among the protégés of Nellie Melba, Eva became a well-known opera singer in both Europe and America.

Before Eva Mylott left Australia to continue her studies in England, she was described in a newspaper article

Miss Mylott, like so many, of the daughters of the Emerald Isle, is fair to look upon, a fact which should stand her in good stead in her professional Career. ‘ Of good stature, dignified and graceful in movement, and’ possessing a. pretty petite face, whose pure complexion is set off by luxuriant auburn tresses’, she is sure to make an impression wherever she goes.

Australian Star Saturday 16 August 1902, page 9

Eva Mylott is also known as the grandmother of actor and director Mel Gibson.


Marie Narelle: It was Eva’s cousin, Catherine Mary ‘Molly’ Ryan (1870-1941) who had moved to the Cobargo area, who was to become even more internationally renowned as the ‘Queen of Irish song’. Her stage name, inspired by the name of the Aboriginal ‘Princess of the Moruya tribe’, was Marie Narelle. A soprano with a passionate delivery, she famously shared concerts with a young John McCormack, among others.

More than simply entertainment: music expresses the cultural and social influences that inspired it. The Ryans and Mylotts were of Irish immigrant background – with musical traditions to match. Along with British and Scottish tunes, Irish songs formed part of a widely shared folk repertoire in the colony: Marie Narelle sang both Scottish and Irish songs (and some opera) in her concerts. After hearing Marie Narelle during her tour of Ireland, Irish social reformer Michael Davitt commented that

it took an Australian to teach the Irish to render their own songs.



Marie Narelle had her own explanation for why there were quite a number of internationally famous singers from Australia at the time (including Nellie Melba and Ada Crossley).

She claimed it was the result of the Australian personality: born of being a natural people … free in all we do and say … I think that is freedom … that makes us good singers.

We are lucky to be able to hear Marie Narelle’s voice today as she made many recordings with Thomas Edison over a nine year period; purportedly the first soprano ever recorded. The include Wearing the Green, Silver Threads Amongst the Gold, and The Bonnie Lochs of Loch Lomond.

Even though they moved away to pursue international careers these singers retained ties with their country of birth. On tours home to Australia, both Eva and Marie returned to sing before loyal audiences in their hometowns and on the south coast.


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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 21 October 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

REFERENDUM VOTING – Persons voting at the Referendum on the 28th for or against Conscription, are advised to read the Commonwealth Electoral Registrars’ advertisement on our inside sheet setting forth the various polling places throughout the Eden-Monaro Electorate.

COMMITTED – The twelve I.W.W. men,  who had been arrested in Sydney and Broken Hill on a charge of treason, were committed for trial in the General Criminal Court on 20th November. Bail was refused.
(Note-IWW represents the International Workers of the World movement}

AGAINST CONSCRIPTION – One of the largest open-air meetings we have ever seen in Moruya was held on Wednesday night at the corner of Queen and Vulcan Streets, where Messrs. Webster, Lestrange and Guest delivered addresses against Compulsory Service Abroad. A wagon was drawn up on the vacant allotment near Irwin’s shop, and from an elevated position upon it the various speakers were heard right to the outside of the large crowd.

Vulcan St Moruya 1888
The corner of Queen and Vulcan Street, Moruya in 1888. On one corner stands Emmott’s Store and opposite is the Moruya Courthouse.

MILITARY SERVICE – About 103 eligibles reported themselves for medical examination and fitness at the local Depot during Wednesday and Thursday. All those passed, who did not apply for an exemption, will leave by car for Kiama camp on Thursday next.

PRIVATE RAY C. BISHOP – Some three weeks ago we published a letter from Quarter Master Sergeant Bishop, a son of Mrs. W. Bishop, of Eurobodalla, who was fighting in the big battle of Armentieres. In the same battle his brother, Pte. Ray C. Bishop was wounded.


Screen Shot 2016-08-24 at 12.48.31 pm
Pte Raymond Charles Bishop (1896-1916)


In a letter received from Pte. Bert Bishop, of Milton, 55th Batt., who was in the same engagement as Ray described how he fell and was in the retirement early in the morning on the 20th July he and another had volunteered to try and shift a party of German bombers near their gun (machine gun) who were giving a lot of trouble, and so give the gun a better chance of getting away. Each took a load of bombs and made for the Germans.

Ray’s mate was killed before he had gone three yards and Ray himself was down before he had got half-way. He fell and then crawled on his hands and knees but before he got far the Germans, who were now coming on in scores, cut him off. It was impossible for his mates to do anything for him, it was all they could do to get their gun back. Bert did not see this himself, but the other men on the same gun told him of it afterward.

His comrades considered it a splendid action and said he deserved a V.C. for it. Of course, they all consider he was taken prisoner. His wound was in the thigh and they thought it was a slight one. Willie Bishop, a son of Edwin Bishop of Casino, died of wounds received in the same engagement, and a second son, Walter, has been wounded in France.

Bert says that all the old Gallipoli men say that there was nothing on the peninsula to equal the fighting, not even the landing. He himself escaped without a scratch.

Editor’s Note: Raymond Charles Bishop’s remains were discovered in 2010 buried in a mass grave. They were formally identified through DNA analysis. Pvt Bishop is now buried in The Pheasant Wood Military Cemetery, Fromelles.

MDHS Collection.                                                                           Photograph by Ian Hibberson
Private Raymond Bishop is buried in Pheasant Wood Military Cemetery, Fromelles France.


– That the poor old pensioner, Gibson did not last long after being bumped over the rough roads from Nerrigundah to the Moruya Cottage Hospital; and
– That our charitable residents won’t realise the great necessity that exists for the establishment in this district of an Ambulance until a few more unfortunate creatures have been jolted out of this world by our present day charitable conveyances.
– That the whole district looks a perfect picture with its mantle of green.
– That our Devil can see nothing very dreadful in enlisting; and
– That if he was eligible he would have he would have been off to the front long ago.
– That camp drill makes men of the raw recruit, and the experience a young man gets through travel and the war is worth far more than the risks he takes of being bombed into Paradise, as the percentage of these who throw No 7 is only 4.
– That it is pleasing to know that the authorities do not intend now to conscript our primary producers or those in necessary industries; and
– That Mr James Turner has had an ingrowing toenail removed under chloroform in the Moruya Hospital by Dr Quilter.

Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (

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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 14 October 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

REFERENDUM VOTE – During the remaining portion of this month up to the 28th, the date on which the Referendum vote will be taken, the whole of the Commonwealth will be canvassed by the best speakers for and against Conscription. As there are arguments in favour of both sides it is the duty of those having votes to record to give all the speakers a respectful and patient hearing, and when they have calmly weighed the arguments out, go to the poll and give a conscientious vote.

CONSCRIPTIONITIS – Thus the Braidwood “District News.” Numbers of eligibles are suffering from the new disease of Conscriptionitis and have been swallowing dangerous drugs, in order to ensure their rejection when examined by the doctors. It has been observed at several recruiting centres that many men rejected for heart trouble were great strapping fellows in the pink of condition. When inquiries were made, it was ascertained that the “weak-hearted” enlistees had been taking destructive drugs to ensure a slow and feeble pulse. The drugs used here consist generally of Epsom salts and excessive doses of calomel.

PUBLIC BATHS – The attention of our Shire Councillors is invited to the present state of the public baths, the western side having been smashed up by the late flood.

Moruya Swimming Pool, 1910

DEATH – On Friday last the Great Reaper garnered in another of this district’s old and respected residents in the person of Mr. Michael Francis Donovan, of Gundary, Moruya, in his 68th year. The late Mr. Donovan was a native of this district, and in his early years was as robust and athletic a young man as could be found on the South Coast.

As a horseman he had a reputation of being a champion, more especially as a rough rider and bush stockman, and Mr. W. McIntosh and the late Mr. James Mallon, both formerly of Merricumbene – who were champion bushriders themselves – frequently related most interesting and exciting episodes of his adventures on wild buck jumping outlaws, and over precipitous mountain passes, and through deep thickly timbered ravines, yarding bush scrubbers.



Our departed brother Australian led a very strenuous life, and being strong and good humoured would never turn his back on hard work, no matter what the hardship entailed. He enjoyed comparatively good health up to about twelve months ago, when he complained of an internal trouble. This insidious malady gradually increased in virulence which defied the best medical skill and careful nursing, until the end came as above stated.

Deceased leaves a widow, six sons, viz., Ernest (Wollongong), Edward, Michael, James, John, William and Timothy (Moruya), and four daughters viz., Mrs. Garrity (Sydney), Mrs. W. Flynn (Deua River), Pearl and Margaret (Moruya), besides one sister Mrs. Bishop (Glenduart).

MORUYA BAR – Captain Harwood, of the dredge Antleon which crossed in for coal on Tuesday, informs us that the recent flood has washed away the sand that has accumulated on the Mrouya Bar and that there is now 11ft of water there. This will be good news for our shippers, the Company, and especially Captain Basclain, who has had the risk and responsibility of crossing in and out in all weathers and at all times both day and night.

IMPROVED – We are pleased to report that Mrs. Leo Walker, who went to Sydney over two months ago for medical treatment, has returned home very much improved in health. Mrs. Walker brought back her little son, Lancelot, who had been taken to Sydney by his father some five or six weeks ago for special treatment of an eye which had been injured. The little lad, we are sorry to say, has completely lost the sight of the injured member.

Patriotic advertising from the Bega Budget of January, 1916


– That Milton reports over 30 inches of rain and Nelligen 31 inches; and
– That this phenomenal fall in such a short duration puts Moruya’s 19in. completely in the shade.
– That Burrill Lake, near Ulladulla was higher last week than it has been for the last 30 years.
– That Mr. A. L. Jeffery had a glorious time amongst bunny on his flats near Mynora during the flood; and
– That as the enemy was forced out of his dug-outs in battalions, “Freddy” slaughtered them to the last squeaker and disdained to take prisoners.



Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (



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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 7 October 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

THE WEATHER – The rains which began falling last week have continued incessantly since last Thursday week with the result that no less than 18 inches have fallen. As a consequence of this phenomenal downpour the major portion of the flat lands of the district has been flooded over the tops of the fences the Moruya river swollen to such an extent that in many places it broke over its banks and a number of settlers had to remove to higher quarters for safety and comfort. Mr. H. E. Simpson was the first to make a move which he did by removing the whole of his Mullenderree dairy herd and milkers out to his Ninderra farm. Mr. Fred Staunton, Mrs. J. Heffernan and Mr. J. Buckley, we hear, shifted to the safe heights of Pompey Point, and several residents were removed from their homes in boats. The s.s. Benandra, in charge of veteran Capt. Basclain, was compelled to quit her moorings and anchor out of the strong current, about quarter of a mile lower down the river. The whole of the wharf was covered, the I.S.N. Cos. large stores being completely surrounded with water, and carters had a difficult and dangerous experience in removing its goods to the owner’s business premises in town. It is very evident that the whole of the crops now under water will be ruined and the land will require to be replanted.

SOMETHING NEW – During the past few days the Illawarra Company’s shipping agent, Mr. G. Constable, has abandoned his bike and adopted the novel method of travelling to and from his home at Gundary by boat, topping the fences in his stride.

The Illawarra Stream Ship Co during normal times
The same offices following the devastating 1925 flood.

FURTHER LOSSES – Besides the two cows, said to be the property of Mr. Milne, which were seen carried down the river on Tuesday, a number of pigs and fowls were seen floating down on Wednesday. These, evidently, came from higher up the river, probably, from Kiora or Burra.

AN ESCAPE – No matter how long it may rain or how high the river may rise, there will always be a safe escape for the townspeople of Moruya. At the moment the town is surrounded by water on both sides, viz., the swamp on the west, river on the north, Moruya flat on the east and the race course on the south, still there remains a way of escape between the extreme west and south corners via the old Kiora road on to the Donkey Hill. The tempest may therefore, howl and the rain come down in torrents, and our townsfolk may sleep in tranquillity knowing that they always have a sure escape to a haven of safety.

MINING – The Tewkesbury Araluen Co. won the fine return of 132oz. smelted gold for the fortnight ended September 23rd. The Victorian Araluen obtained a 69oz. cake during the same period.

The remains of one of the dredges at Araluen


– That the wet weather contingent who faced the elements in order to attend the public meeting on Tuesday night gave unmistakeable evidence of their dislike to compulsory service and
– That it would be interesting to hold another meeting for the convenience of fine weather patriots to ascertain how their pulse beats on the matter.
– That judging from present indications the voting for and against conscription will be very close.

People who voted NO were being portrayed as voting against the brave Australian soldiers and for the Kaiser.
A YES vote is being depicted as a vote for death and bloodshed.

TAXATION – The new Federal Taxation proposals include an Amusement Tax of 25 per cent and an increase in the INCOME Tax. The exemption is to be reduced to £100 and incomes from £100 to £200 will pay a flat rate of £1 each. The levy on all states , real and personal, of £500 and over will be at the rate of 1½ per cent. War Profits Tax will also be imposed. The levy is for repatriation purposes and is expected to three and one third millions.



Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (


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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 30 September 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

, Machine Gun Section, son of Mrs. J. H. Walker, of Queanbeyan, and brother of Mr. Leo Walker of this town, has been reported killed in action in France. Before enlisting he was a school teacher in the Government Service.

MENINGITIS – On Wednesday morning last a young child of Mr. And Mrs. C. Jones, of Bateman’s Bay North, died from meningitis. Before death occurred Dr. Quilter had the house quarantined.

PILOT COTTAGES – The Government has decided to sell the two cottages erected not very long since for the two Pilot men, whose services have now been dispensed with. The sale is advertised to take place at the Court House, Moruya, on 10th October, at 11 a.m.

Pilot Station, Moruya c.1917
Pilot Station, Moruya c.1917

SHIPPING – Owing to the silting up of the Moruya River bar Allen Taylor’s cargo steamer “Narani,” which came up to the wharf on Thursday of last week and took on board a load of logs for Narooma, could not cross out until Tuesday, and the local steamer, “Bodalla,” which arrived here on Friday of last week could not clear the bar with cargo of produce and live stock for Sydney until the same day from the same cause, altho’ Captain Basclain made several attempts to do so. If the heavy rains, which are falling as we go to press, continue, a rise in the river is inevitable, which will cause a change at the entrance either for better or for worse. The sooner the dredge Antleon is got round from Narooma and gets to work on this bar the better it will be for the district.


DEATH – On Wednesday last there passed away to the Great Beyond an old and respected resident of the district in the person of Mrs. Thomas Batt, senr., of Mantle Hill, after a long illness which was borne with Christian resignation. The late Mrs. Batt was a fine stamp of our woman pioneers, robust and jolly, with an attractive appearance and fascinating mannerism. The deceased leaves a husband and five children, all grown up, viz., two sons, Charles Batt (New Zealand) and Thomas Batt (Moruya), and three daughters, Medames Alt (Sydney), Webber (Queensland), and Miss Maud Batt (Sydney), to all of whom we extend our deepest sympathy.

CONSCRIPTION – One of the most important public meetings ever called together in Moruya is convened by the President of the Eurobodalla Shire Council for next Tuesday night, the 3rd of October, to take place in the Shire Hall at 7.30 p.m. The meeting will be asked to deal with the matter of the forthcoming Referendum on the question of the introduction of the system of Conscription into Australia. We trust that the public, realising the gravity of the present frightful war and the seriousness of our lovely country being brought under German domination, will crowd the hall to overflowing.



– That Private Ernest Taylor, son of Mr. John Taylor, late of Mullenderree, Moruya, after serving twelve months in the firing line, is now having a holiday in England on leave.
– That the river fish were biting very freely on Sunday last, as a party of two landed 30 flathead and another small party got a good haul of flathead and flounder at the same time and place, near the heads.
– That Private Ray Bishop, son of Mrs. W. Bishop of Eurobodalla, who was reported missing a week or two ago, is now reported to be a prisoner of war.

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Private Raymond Charles BISHOP. Ray Bishop was killed at the Battle of Fromelles in July 1916.

BODALLA – (From our Correspondent.)

– Splendid rain has fallen and still continues, and Mr. Hutchison has lost the anxious expression he has worn for some time, as a result of the long dry spell.
– The head teacher Mr. Hogan and family, and assistant, Mr. H. Head, are spending the Michaelmas vacation among the rabbits and schnapper at Potato Point.
– Hellier and Shinnick’s pictures showed to a fair house last evening, Master Melvie Williams, of local fame acting as pianist.


Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (



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Shire-wide news extracts from the Moruya Examiner of 23 September 1916, provided by the Moruya & District Historical Society:

RECOVERING – Latest reports from the local hospital state that the young D. Sebbens, who was taken to that institution in a serious condition on Tuesday last, suffering from an inward strain, is recovering. “Denny” will have to improve considerably before he is fit to “juggle” with the Boches.

KNITTING CLASS – The knitting class under the supervision of the Red Cross Society was commenced in the Shire Hall on Tuesday afternoon. The class will meet every Tuesday at 3.30 p.m. Anyone wishing to join may do so by handing her name to Mrs. T. Flood, the fee being only one shilling for the first lesson and 6d per week after.

MASONIC – Moruya Masonic Lodge Coeur de Lion held its usual annual installation in its pretty little lodge room, and banquet in the Centennial supper room, which is situated net door. The first business was the installation of Bro. C. Cheesman to the position of Wor. Master Elect, and investiture of the following officers, Wor. Bro. G. E. Hanscom officiating as Installing Master, viz., I.P.M., Wor. Br. S. C. Shumack; S.W., Bro. J. Bond; J.W., Bro. R. J. Shumack; Chaplain, Bro. E. S. Henderson; Treasurer.

EARTHQUAKE – About half past ten o’clock on Sunday night many residents of Moruya heard distinctly the disturbing shock of an earthquake, the houses, doors and windows vibrating for some seconds.


– That Mr. D. S. Keir, representing R. L. Scrutton and Co. of the “Big Chief” Oil Engines will be in Moruya on Monday or Tuesday next.
– That Pte. “Jack” Grime, a popular accountant in the Moruya branch of the Bank of New South Wales, has been wounded and is in hospital in England.
– That E. Bingham formerly a clerk in the local Commercial Bank, was to have left Sydney for the front last week.
– That Mr. Vic Cork, the first manager of the Forster’s Bay cheese factory, near Narooma, has now charge of the Jamberoo cheese factory; and
-That this is the same Mr. Cork who married Miss Hardcastle, a step-daughter of Mr. Charles Crapp, of Kiora.
– That Mr. T. E. Keyte, of Major’s Creek has been advised by the Defence Department that his son-in-law, Pte. R. Duffy, had been killed in action in France.
– That Mr. Charlie Batt of New Zealand, who has been away from Moruya for the last eight years, and Miss Maude Batt, the phenomenal bass singer, are now home at their sick mother’s bed side.
– That Mrs. Batt snr., of Mantle Hill, and Mrs. J. McIntosh, of Gundary, are reported to be in a very low state of health, and little hopes are entertained of their recovery.
– That Mr. and Mrs. H. Hancock have returned from Queensland where they have been holidaying for some months for the benefit of the latter’s health; and
– That friend Heber’s rotundity would do credit to any alderman in the State.

Bank of NSW, Vulcan Street, Moruya 1890

NELLIGEN – For once in the history of our little town, the oldest inhabitants and the local weather prophet are in complete agreement in predicting a dry summer. We have had a lengthy dry spell and rain is badly needed.

SICKNESS – A peculiarly virulent form of influenza has been going the rounds here for some time past. Several people were compelled to lay up for a few days and suffered much pain., accompanied by a severe cough. Mrs. A. E. Webber was so ill as to require the services of a doctor, but I am pleased to hear she is now improving.

SHIPPING AGENCY – Corporal C Grice, formerly I.S.N. Co. agent here has received his discharge from the military forces as being permanently incapacitated, and has lately resumed his old duties. Although somewhat weak after his late trying experiences and severe illness he is shaping well and we hope to see him well and strong again.


Seventeen 100 years ago booklets containing articles for the years 1899 to 1915 are available ($5 ea) from the Society’s rooms. Copies of local newspapers from the 1860s to date can be viewed at the Society’s Family History Research Centre (Ph 4474 3224) situated at the rear of the Museum in Campbell St. Moruya (